The East in the West
The East in the West reassesses Western views of Asia. Traditionally many European historians and theorists have seen the societies of the East as 'static' or 'backward'. Jack Goody challenges these assumptions, beginning with the notion of a special Western rationality which enabled 'us' and not 'them' to modernise. He then turns to book-keeping, which several social and economic historians have seen as intrinsic to capitalism, arguing that there was in fact little difference between East and West in terms of mercantile activity. Other factors said to inhibit the East's development, such as the family and forms of labour, have also been greatly exaggerated. This Eurocentrism both fails to explain the current achievements of the East, and misunderstands Western history. The East in the West starts to redress the balance, and so marks a fundamental shift in our view of Western and Eastern history and society.
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Rationality in review
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achievements activity Africa Ahmadabad Arabic argued argument Arikamedu Aristode Asia Azande bookkeeping Bronze Age Buddhist capitalist changes China Chinese cloth commenda commerce Common Era companies Confucian continued cotton culture discussion dominated double-entry earlier early East economic empire England English enterprise entrepreneurs especially ethnocentric European example exchange existed export factory family firms feudalism firsdy formal Goody Greek groups growth Gujarat Hindu historians household important India Indian logic Indian Ocean individual Industrial Revolution industrialisation involved Japan joint family kind kinship knowledge labour later linked litde logic major manufacture marriage medieval Mediterranean mercantile merchants Mesopotamia mode of production modern modernisation Muslim notion organisation pardy partnership period Pirenne problem procedures putting-out system rationality reason relations role Roover seen seventeenth silk similar sixteenth century social societies specific spices syllogism textiles trade traditional Weber West western Europe wider writing
Page 1 - plant colonies in their ports, and give laws to their natural princes? The same wind that carries them back would bring us thither.' 'They are more powerful, sir, than we', answered Imlac, 'because they are wiser; knowledge will always predominate over ignorance, as man governs the other animals.
Page 1 - natives of our own kingdom and those that surround us, they appeared almost another order of beings. In their countries it is difficult to wish for anything that may not be obtained: a thousand arts, of which we never heard, are continually labouring for their convenience and pleasure; and whatever their own climate
Page 1 - I conversed with great numbers of the northern and western nations of Europe; the nations which are now in possession of all power and all knowledge, whose armies are irresistible, and whose fleets command the remotest parts of the globe. When I compared these men with
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On Sociology: Numbers, Narratives, and the Integration of Research and Theory
John H. Goldthorpe
No preview available - 2000