The Greek & Latin Roots of English

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 235 pages
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Over 60 percent of all English words have Greek or Latin roots; in the vocabulary of the sciences and technology, it's over 90 percent. Thus, studying the Greek and Latin roots of English is essential to understanding English vocabulary and how the history of the English language has shaped our perceptions of the world around us. Now in its third edition, The Greek & Latin Roots of English is one of the foremost resources for students of etymology across many academic disciplines. The third edition retains the tried-and-true approach of previous editions, with even more resources for students. New exercises have been added to the end of each chapter, and many lessons are revised, updated, and expanded. Author Tamara M. Green opens with an introduction to basic principles of Latin and Greek. Green then organizes the remaining chapters thematically students will find chapters on the Greek and Latin roots of words in biology and medicine, science and mathematics, politics and government, literature, and religion and philosophy. Unlike texts which treat Greek and Latin roots separately, this book treats them as an organic whole. This unique, focused approach makes The Greek & Latin Roots of English as valuable to a medical student studying terminology as it is to a student of language and the classics.
 

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A reminder of how a "dead language remains the breath of so many diverse languages. Unfortunately, I was craving something more profound; I'd rather read Giambattista Vico..... again.

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Contents

A POLYGLOT STEW OR FOOD FOR THOUGHT
3
LANGUAGE AND HISTORY LANGUAGE FAMILIES
7
Note
8
Note
9
AngloSaxon Culture and Old English
10
Modern English
11
American English
12
AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
13
MEDICAL SPECIALTIES
122
AN OUNCE OF PREVENTION
124
TO SLEEP PERCHANCE TO DREAM
125
The Hippocratic Oath
126
Shake Rattle and Roll
127
Looks Can Wound and Words Can Hurt
128
13
135
Note
136

American English
14
EXERCISES
15
HOW LATIN WORKS INFLECTED LANGUAGES
19
LATIN NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
20
FINDING THE STEM OF A LATIN NOUN OR ADJECTIVE
22
CONJUGATIONS
23
DEPONENT VERBS
24
5 The present stem of third conjugation deponent verbs replaces the distinguishing final e that it lost when forming the infinitive
25
Double Meanings
26
LATIN INTO ENGLISH FORMING NEW WORDS
33
Note
34
III DIMINUTIVEFORMING SUFFIXES WITH LATIN NOUNS
35
IV NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES FORMED FROM LATIN VERBS
36
B Nouns and Adjectives Formed from the Perfect Passive Stem3
37
V VERBAL SUFFIXES
38
VI VERBAL LEARNED BORROWINGS
39
EXERCISES
40
HOW GREEK WORKS
47
RULES FOR TRANSLITERATING GREEK WORDS INTO ENGLISH
48
COGNATES
49
GREEK INTO ENGLISH GREEK SUFFIXES
53
II NOUNFORMING SUFFIXES
54
III LEARNED BORROWINGS
55
AngloSaxon Suffixes
56
EXERCISES
57
LATIN AND GREEK PREFIXES
61
II GREEK PREPOSITIONS
62
III PREFIXES DERIVED FROM GREEK AND LATIN ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
63
B Words of Praise
64
EXERCISES 65
65
LATIN AND GREEK NUMBERS COUNTDOWN
75
Examples of Roman Numerals
76
Its Nothing
77
The Years Fly By
78
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GREEK POLITICS
83
ROMAN POLITICS
84
ROMAN ECONOMICS
86
THE LAW
87
War and Peace
88
Whos Giving Advice Here?
89
PSYCHOLOGY MODERN THEORIES OF PSYCHOLOGY
95
Note
96
LOVE AND MARRIAGE
97
STATES OF FEELING
99
Love Means You Never Have to Say Youre Sorry
100
STAR WARS
101
You re an Idiot
102
Be Nice to Your Mother
103
THE SOCIAL SCIENCES THEORY AND PRACTICE
109
SOCIOLOGY
110
Shes Worth Her Salt
112
Utopia
113
And in Conclusion a Word from Our Sponsor
114
HUMAN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE I MODERN MEDICINE AND ANCIENT TERMINOLOGY
121
THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
138
Ahem
140
Use Your Head
141
SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS ANCIENT AND MODERN SCIENCE
145
ASTRONOMY
146
Signs of the Zodiac Latin Names
147
Zoology
148
Ornithology
149
Ichthyology
150
Resting on Her Laurels
151
Note
152
Mistaken Identity
154
Islamic Science
155
Come Closer
156
Optics
157
GEOLOGY
158
Jurassic Park Revisited
159
The Seasons
160
EXERCISES
161
ITS AN ACADEMIC QUESTION GREEK AND ROMAN EDUCATION
169
Higher Education
170
Its All Academic
171
From Greek into Latin
172
Electronic Literature
173
Going Around in Circles
174
THE CLASSICAL INFLUENCE EUROPE AND THE CLASSICAL HERITAGE
181
Studying the Classics
182
CITY PLANNING
183
THEATER 185 LITERATURE
185
The Muses
186
MUSIC
187
Lets Hear It for the Maestro
188
Leisure the Freedom from Activity Is Legal
189
Setting a Record
190
Some New Beginnings
191
MYTH RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGION AND MYTH
197
THE GREEK AND ROMAN GODS
198
THE CALENDAR
199
Beware the Ides of March
200
MYTHIC CREATURES
201
TROY
203
A woman is a fickle and changeable thing ANCIENT PEOPLES AND PLACES
206
PHILOSOPHY
207
Ancient Greek Schools of Philosophy
208
THE LANGUAGE OF CHRISTIANITY
209
LATIN PHRASES USED IN ENGLISH LINGUA LATINA ETIAM VIVIT THE LATIN LANGUAGE STILL LIVES
215
MEASURES AND RELATIONSHIPS
216
PEOPLE PLACES AND THINGS
217
EXERCISES
218
LATIN VOCABULARY
221
GREEKVOCABULARY
229
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
235
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Tamara M. Green is professor and chair of the Classics Department at CUNY-Hunter College. She is also author of The City of the Moon God: Religious Traditions of Harran (1992).

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