Byzantium and Its Army, 284-1081
The Byzantine Empire was almost always ready to fight, and often fought for its life. During much of its history its provinces were military districts called themes, and acclamation by the army, not coronation or inheritance, was what made a man emperor. The army overthrew twenty-odd rulers, and tried to oust many more. It was large and expansive but on the whole it served its purpose well. Over eight centuries, despite losing a surprising number of battles, the army succeeded in preserving both itself and Byzantium. In view of its importance in Byzantine history, it is surprising that this volume is the first general book on the Byzantine army in any language.
The author traces the army s impact on the Byzantine state and society from the army s reorganization under Diocletian (284-305) until its disintegration in the aftermath of the battle of Manzikert (1071). He suggests solutions to some major unresolved questions of Byzantine military history: how big was the army, how was it organized, how much of it was cavalry, how much was it paid, how was it supplied, when and why did it receive land grants in the themes, and why, after surviving so many disasters, did it fail to survive the not particularly disastrous eleventh century?
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Africa allowances already Anatolia appears Arabs Armeniac arms army Balkans Basil became Byzantine called campaign cavalry centarchs century changes command conquests Constans Constantine Constantinople continued count created defeated Diocletian domestic donative drungaries ducates dukes earlier early East eastern emperor empire empire's estimates evidence Excubitors expedition expenses field armies fighting figures Fleet forces four frontier give grades half Illyricum imperial increase infantry Italy John Jones Justinian known late later least legions less losses lost marines mentioned military lands names needed Nicephorus nomismata notes Notitia oarsmen officers Opsician original paid payroll percent perhaps period Persians pounds of gold probably raids rank reason received recruits regiments regular remained Roman salaries Scholae seems soldiers sources Strategus strength supplies Syria Table tagmata territory themes Theophilus Thrace Treadgold troops turmarchs uniforms units West western whole
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