Byzantium and Its Army, 284-1081
The Byzantine Empire was almost always ready to fight, and often fought for its life. During much of its history its provinces were military districts called themes, and acclamation by the army, not coronation or inheritance, was what made a man emperor. The army overthrew twenty-odd rulers, and tried to oust many more. It was large and expansive but on the whole it served its purpose well. Over eight centuries, despite losing a surprising number of battles, the army succeeded in preserving both itself and Byzantium. In view of its importance in Byzantine history, it is surprising that this volume is the first general book on the Byzantine army in any language.
The author traces the army s impact on the Byzantine state and society from the army s reorganization under Diocletian (284-305) until its disintegration in the aftermath of the battle of Manzikert (1071). He suggests solutions to some major unresolved questions of Byzantine military history: how big was the army, how was it organized, how much of it was cavalry, how much was it paid, how was it supplied, when and why did it receive land grants in the themes, and why, after surviving so many disasters, did it fail to survive the not particularly disastrous eleventh century?
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Africa Agathias Anastasius Anatolia Anatolics annonae Antioch Arabs Armeniac Armenian themes arms Army of Illyricum army's Balkans Basil Basil II Bulgars Byzantine army campaign pay Carabisian cavalry centarchs centurions Chaldia chartulary Cibyrrhaeots cleisurae command commerciarii conquests Constans Constans II Constantine VII Constantinople count decarchs Diocletian domestic donative draconarii drungaries ducates dukes East eastern emperor empire's estimates evidence Excubitors expedition field armies figures Fleet frontier troops grades Hellas Hendy Heraclius hetaeria Hicanati Ibid Illyricum imperial infantry Italy Jones Justinian Khurramites Later Roman Empire legions marines Maurice Mesopotamia military lands Nicephorus Nicephorus II nomismata Notitia Notitia Dignitatum oarsmen officers Oikonomides Opsician Theme paid payroll percent Persians Philotheus pounds of gold praesental armies probably Procopius protomandator raids rank recruits regiments Romanus IV salaries Scholae seems sixth century soldiers spatharii Strategicon Strategus Syria tagma tagmata tetartera Theophanes Theophilus Thrace Thracesian Treadgold turmarchs units vexillations West western Zosimus
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