Theory and Practice
Theory and Practice is one of Habermas's major works and is widely recognized as a classic in contemporary and social and political theory. Through a series of highly original historical studies, Habermas reexamines the relations between philosophy, science and politics. Beginning with the classical doctrine of politics as developed by Aristotle, he traces the changing constellation of theory and practice through the work of Machiavelli, More, Hobbes, Hegel and Marx. He argues that, with the development of the modern sciences, politics has become increasingly regarded as a technical discipline concerned with problems of prediction and control. Politics has thus lost its link with the practical cultivation of character, that is, with the praxis of enlightened citizens. Theory and Practices includes a major reassessment of Marx's work and of the status of Marxism as a form of critique. In an important concluding chapter Habermas examines the role of reason and the prospects for critical theory in our modern scientific civilization.
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absolute abstract right action actual assertion attain basis become bourgeois bourgeois society capital causal citizens claim classical comprehend compulsion conceived concept confrontation consciousness constitution crisis critical critique of ideology decision dialectic discourse doctrine dogmatism domain economic emancipation empirical enlightenment existence experience external force formal Frankfurt freedom French Revolution fundamental rights Hegel Hobbes human Ibid individual insight instrumental action interest interpretation Jena Kant knowledge labor power liberal logic longer Machiavelli Marx Marxist means mediated modern moral Natural Law Neuwied norms objective organization philosophy of history Physiocrats political positive positivization practical praxis presuppositions principle problem production rational realization Realphilosophie reason recognized reflection relation relationship revolution revolutionary scientific self-reflection sense social labor social philosophy specific sphere spirit sublation surplus value technical theoretical theory and praxis Thomas Paine tion tradition unity universal validity Vico Wiirttemberg world-historical Young Hegelians