Women and Men: Cultural Constructs of Gender
A cross-cultural study of gender roles and relationships, this book presents a synthesis of a wide range of ethnographic and historical data concerning the roles of women and men in wide range of different kinds of societies--with a focus on both material conditions and ideological valuations that affect and reflect cultural models of gender. First looks at the impact of material conditions on gender roles: Foragers; Farmers; Agricultural States; Industrial Economy: The United States; and Women and Global Economic Development. Then explores ideological constraints on gender constructs: Gender and the Body; Gender and Religion; Gender and Language. For anyone interested in gender roles from an anthropological, sociological, and psychological perspective.
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Egalitarian Foraging Societies
Pastoral and Horticultural Societies
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According addition Afikpo Africa American animals Arctic attitudes autonomy behavior beliefs bridewealth cattle century changes chiefdom chiefs child clan communities context contrast contributions cultures daughters differentiation division of labor divorce domestic economic egalitarian elite European example farming father female infanticide foraging function gender constructs gender equality gender relations gender roles girls Haida household hunting husband Igbo Incan Indian individual Inuit Inupiat Iroquoian Iroquois Jivaro Ju/'hoansi kinship Kpelle land lineages living male dominance marriage married mothers native Navajo norms Nuer organized participation patriarchal patrilineal patrilocal residence patterns percent political polygyny potlatches practices prestige production religious residence responsibilities restrictions result ritual rural sexual sisters social societies sons spouse subordination subsistence activities symbolic tend third gender tion Tlingit Tongan trade traditional transformed Tswana Two-Spirits villages warfare whaling whereas wife wife's wives woman women women's and men's women's status workers Yanomamo