American Women Scientists: 23 Inspiring Biographies, 1900-2000
For most of the 20th century, American women had little encouragement to become scientists. In 1906, there were only 75 female scientists employed by academic institutions in the entire country. Despite considerable barriers, determined women have, however, decidedly distinguished themselves. Three examples: Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon discovered five novas and over 300 other stars. Mathematician and computer scientist Grace Hopper helped invent the COBOL language. Anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar devised the now universally used Apgar score to make a rapid evaluation of a newborn’s condition just after delivery. Of the 23 American women scientists covered, six were awarded Nobel prizes. Each biography is accompanied by a photograph. A bibliography and an index complete the work.
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Annie Jump Cannon
Mary Swartz Rose
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Alice Hamilton American Annie Jump Cannon Association awarded babies Baker Barbara McClintock became began biology born Bryn Mawr cancer career Carson cells chemistry Chicago Chien-Shiung child chromosomes clinic College Cornelia Clapp Courtesy daughter death degree died disease doctors Elion father female field Florence Bascom genes genetics Germany Gerty Cori girls Goeppert graduate Harvard Helen Taussig high school honors Hopper Horney's Hospital Hyman Institute interest involved Johns Hopkins Josephine Karen Horney known laboratory later Levi-Montalcini Libbie Libbie Hyman lived Maria Maria Goeppert Mayer Mary mathematics Mayer medical school medicine mother Mount Holyoke Nettie Stevens Nobel Prize nuclear nutrition Ph.D physician physicist physics professor psychoanalysis published Rachel Rachel Carson received retirement Rita Rosalyn Rosalyn Yalow Ruth Sager Sabin scientific scientists spent summer taught Taussig teacher teaching tion Virginia Apgar woman women wrote Yalow zoology
A Student's Guide to Earth Science, Volume 2
Limited preview - 2004