American Women Scientists: 23 Inspiring Biographies, 1900-2000

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McFarland, Jan 1, 2004 - Social Science - 159 pages
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For most of the 20th century, American women had little encouragement to become scientists. In 1906, there were only 75 female scientists employed by academic institutions in the entire country. Despite considerable barriers, determined women have, however, decidedly distinguished themselves. Three examples: Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon discovered five novas and over 300 other stars. Mathematician and computer scientist Grace Hopper helped invent the COBOL language. Anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar devised the now universally used Apgar score to make a rapid evaluation of a newborn's condition just after delivery. Of the 23 American women scientists covered, six were awarded Nobel prizes. Each biography is accompanied by a photograph. A bibliography and an index complete the work.
 

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Contents

Illustrations
1
Annie Jump Cannon
18
Florence Sabin
31
Karen Horney
46
Helen Taussig
63
Virginia Apgar
77
Rita LeviMontalcini
95
ChienShiung Wu
112
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About the author (2004)

The late Moira Davison Reynolds, a retired biochemist, wrote about women who made significant contributions to United States culture, including several books about activists, artists, authors and scientists. She lived in Marquette, Michigan.

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