Designed to help readers learn how to "think" like evolutionary biologists, this 4-color book approaches evolutionary biology as a dynamic field of inquiry and as a "process." Using a theme-based approach, it illustrates the interplay between theory, observation, testing and interpretation. It offers commentary on strengths and weaknesses of data sets, gives detailed examples rather than a broad synoptic approach, includes many data graphics and boxes regarding both sides of controversies. Introduces each major organizing theme in evolution through a question--e.g., How has HIV become drug resistant? Why did the dinosaurs, after dominating the land vertebrates for 150 million years, suddenly go extinct? Are humans more closely related to gorillas or to chimpanzees? Focuses on many applied, reader-relevant topics--e.g., evolution and human health, the evolution of senescence, sexual selection, social behavior, eugenics, and biodiversity and conservation. Then develops the strategies that evolutionary biologists use for finding an answers to such questions. Then considers the observations and experiments that test the predictions made by competing hypotheses, and discusses how the data are interpreted. For anyone interested in human evolution, including those working in human and animal health care, environmental management and conservation, primary and secondary education, science journalism, and biological and medical research.
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A32 allele adaptive adults allele frequencies analysis asexual average beak depth beetle behavior biologists birds calculate called CCR5 cells Chapter chromosomes clutch colleagues copulations Darwin deleterious diversity Drosophila Ecology eggs environment equilibrium estimate eusocial evolution by natural evolutionary evolved example eyestalks favor Figure finches fitness flies fossil frequency of allele function gametes gene pool genetic drift genetic variation genotype frequencies graph greater prairie chickens Hardy-Weinberg heritability heterozygotes homozygotes host human hybrid hypothesis iguanas inbreeding depression individuals infection island linkage disequilibrium linkage equilibrium loci locus males mammals masked booby mating molecular mutation mutation rate natural selection nest offspring organisms parasite parents pattern phenotype phylogenetic phylogeny plants pollinators population predators predicted produce protein quency random reproductive success researchers result Science sequence sexual selection shows skypilots snakes speciation species sperm survive theory tion traits tree ulation versus virions zygotes