Subcultures and New Religious Movements in Russia and East-Central Europe
The collapse of communism has opened up Russia and East-Central Europe to outside influences and enabled new lifestyle choices and forms of religious expression. Based on extensive ethnographic research, this collection uses a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodologies to examine some of the many subcultures and new religious movements that have emerged as part of this process, from members of utopian eco-communities, native-language hip-hoppers and nationalistic skinheads to various forms of Indian-inspired spirituality, neo-paganism and theosophy. Whether they reflect a growing sense of national or ethnic identity, the influence of globalization or a combination of the two, such groups highlight the challenge of creating a free, open and tolerant society in both Russia and new or prospective EU member states. The book seeks to contribute to academic and policy debates in this area by increasing understanding of the groups in question.
The studies in this collection present selected findings from the three-year EU-funded project 'Society and Lifestyles: Towards Enhancing Social Harmonization through Knowledge of Subcultural Communities' (2006-2008), which included partners from a wide range of post-communist countries in Eastern Europe and from the UK.
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Notes on Contributors
activities Agni Yoga Society Alex Andrei Andrei Gheorghe AOLF Art of Living attitudes audio interview Barker believe camp chapter Chris Christianity church Comandor communist concept conflict contemporary context Cossack countries culture Czech Eastern environment ethnic Euro-Indian movement Europe European everyday example Fieldwork gangs Garda group global Hare Krishnas I-NRMs identity ideology important Indian individual ISKCON Islam Krasnodar diary Krasnodar krai Latvian Latvian branch Latvian Roerich Society leaders lifestyle Lithuanian masculinity means moral panics Moscow Muslim nationalist skinhead negative neo-paganism NRMs Ombladon organizations Orthodox pagan Parazitii participants political popular post-communist Rakvere Ravi Shankar regime religion religious movements respondents rituals rodnovery Russian Sahaja Yoga Sarmat Shri Chinmoy skinhead skinhead groups skinhead movement skinhead subculture Slava Slovak Slovakia social Soviet spirituality style symbols theosophical groups tion traditional understanding University values Vorkuta Western xenophobic Yoga in Daily young youth Zajezova