Permanent Fortification

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U.S. Military Academy Press, 1916 - Coast defenses - 76 pages
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Page 66 - Alexandria were badly bruised, but the more modern parapets were not seriously harmed. In the generality of cases the real damage they sustained could have been easily repaired in a single night. If the bombardment was directed against the forts in this, their defensive capacity, it must be pronounced a failure. If its object was the dismounting of the new rifled guns, it must be conceded that such results as attended the work of the inshore squadron (only one gun of this type being seriously affected),...
Page 71 - to recommend the armament, fixed and floating, mobile torpedoes, submarine mines, and all other defensive appliances that may be necessary to complete the harbor defense with the most economical and advantageous expenditure of money.
Page 66 - If its object was the dismounting of the new rifled guns, it must be conceded that such results as attended the work of the inshore squadron (only one gun of this type being seriously affected), or even such as were achieved by the offshore squadron (less than one-half being permanently disabled), do not justify the verdict of success. In the wider sense of having driven the garrison from their batteries, and having silenced the forts, the fleet was unquestionably victorious.
Page 66 - ... verdict of success. In the wider sense of having driven the garrison from their batteries, and having silenced the forts, the fleet was unquestionably victorious. Into this product, however, enters the important element of morale. The British, while surprised by the tenacity of their opponents, were the first to confess that men of a stamp at all similar to their own would have accepted the gage thrown down the next day, and have renewed the fight.
Page 71 - Pensacola, Fla. Mobile, Ala. Mississippi River. Galveston, Tex. San Diego, Cal. San Francisco, Cal. Columbia River. Puget Sound. Lake Ports. Manila Bay, PI Subic Bay, PI Kiska Island, Alaska. Subsequently San Pedro, Cal., the principal port of the Los Angeles district, was added to the list.
Page 71 - Endicott Board, appointed under an Act of Congress in 1885. This board made a thorough study of the subject and submitted a report in 1886, giving a list of the places to be fortified and the character of the defenses at each place.
Page 74 - Mine defense guns, etc. It was proposed to place one of the turrets at Fort Monroe and one at Fort Wool; the 12-inch guns were to be placed in armored casemates to replace the old water or low battery on shore of Fort Monroe; and the 10-inch guns were to be mounted on the ramparts of Fort Monroe to replace the old cast iron guns.
Page 73 - Between Fort Monroe and Fort Wool the channel is about a mile wide and 80 feet deep. Between this deep water and the deep water of Chesapeake Bay the natural channel for about five miles is a mile wide and 30 feet deep. Through this shoal there has been dredged a channel 500 feet wide and 35 feet deep.
Page 66 - The forte [he writes] were badly bruised, but the more modern parapets were not seriously harmed. In the generality of cases the real damage they sustained could easily have been repaired in a single night. If the bombardment was directed against the forts in this, their defensive capacity, it must be pronounced a failure. If its object was the dismounting of the new rifled guns (the really dangerous weapons), it must be conceded that such results as attended the work of the inshore squadron (only...

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