Muckrakers: A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors
During the 1800s, the United States progressed at a remarkable rate. Commerce gave rise to regional specialization and contributed to the growth of cities. By 1860 the nation had prospered to the extent that it no longer depended on Europe to purchase its goods. Innovations in technology helped increase production, especially in textiles, and transportation projects helped reduce costs of certain products. As the country progressed, so did its citizenry and their attention to certain interests: movements on issues like women's rights, capital punishment, workers' rights, education, and mental health swept across the country. As these groups advanced their causes, a kind of journalism began to capture readers' attention: the exposZ. Although examples similar to it had appeared occasionally in various publications years before, it became more prevalent at the turn of the century. In the spring of 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt delivered a speech in which he compared certain crusading journalists to a character in John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress: 'There is filth on the floor, and it must be scraped up with the muckrake; and there are times and places where this service is the most needed of all the services that can be performed.' In Muckrakers: A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors, Professor Edd Applegate profiles the men and women who either wrote muckraking journalism or edited publications that featured muckraking articles. Some of the most important figures of journalism are here, including Nellie Bly, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, George Kennan, Jack London, Frank Norris, Rachel Carson, George Seldes, and I.F. Stone. The book contains more than fifty entries, each discussing the subject's professional career and major works. In some cases, comments about the subject's work by others have been included, as well as suggestions for further reading. As a resource guide, Muckrakers will be of interest to professors, scholars, and students interested in learning more about the individuals who played such significant roles in muckraking journalism.
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Benjamin Franklin Norris 18701902
Andrew Drew R Pearson 18971969
William English Walling 18771936
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Adams African Americans Allen Alsop American Magazine Anderson attended Baker became biography BORN Boston Brandeis brother Carson Charles Chicago child labor Colliers column Company Connolly contributed corruption criminals criticized Crosby died Dorr Drew Pearson Dunne editor Edwin Europe eventually exposed father federal Finley Peter Dunne Flynt George graduated Hapgood helped Hendrick hired Hunter Ida Tarbell immigrants industry investigated Irwin issue Joseph Alsop Kennan later Lawson learned legislation Lincoln Steffens Lindsey lived London married McClure moved muckraking articles muckraking journalism muckraking journalists National Native Americans newspapers Norman novel numerous Oskison Park Phillips political politicians popular published Rachel Carson Ray Stannard Baker readers REFERENCES reform reporter returned Robert Roosevelt S. S. McClure San Francisco Seldes Senate served social Socialist Spargo Stead Sullivan syndicated Tarbell traveled Turner United University Press Washington William William English Walling women World writing wrote articles York City