France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944

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OUP Oxford, Mar 5, 2003 - History - 688 pages
The French call them 'the Dark Years'... This definitive new history of Occupied France explores the myths and realities of four of the most divisive years in French history. Taking in ordinary people's experiences of defeat, collaboration, resistance, and liberation, it uncovers the conflicting memories of occupation which ensure that even today France continues to debate the legacy of the Vichy years.

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France: the dark years, 1940-1944

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In this detailed analysis of an era that still haunts French society, Jackson (history, Univ. of Wales, Swansea; The Popular Front in France) asserts that the Vichy government was not an aberration ... Read full review


Responding to the Germans
Notables and Peasants
The Workers
13Intellectuals Artists and Entertainers
Culture under Vichy
German Ambiguities

The Jews
The Resistance Returns
Part IAnticipations
Introduction to Part I
Cultural Anxieties and Modern Nightmares
The SoldierPeasant
The Disappearance of France
Old Mother or New Woman?
Scenes of the Future
The New Classicism
Morand and Céline
La Fin des notables?
The Maurrassian Moment
Missed Opportunities?
Liberalism Contested 19321934
3Class WarCivil War
The Depression
The Rights Response
The Lefts Response
The Consequences of the Popular Front
4The German Problem
The Pragmatic Tradition
The Pacifist Consensus
The Impact of Hitler
From AntiCommunism to Conservative NeoPacifism
A New Sweden?
Prelude to Vichy or Republican Revival?
AntiCommunism and Imperialism
The Authoritarian Republic
Foreigners and Jews
Race and the Republican Tradition
6The Debacle
Drôle de guerre and AntiCommunism
Defeat and Exodus
Armistice or Capitulation?
Enter Pétain
The Armistice
The End of the Republic
Was Vichy Legal?
National Revolution and Collaboration
Introduction to Part II
7The National Revolution
Vichy Governments
State and Society The Fascist Temptation
The Economy
Involuntary CollaborationVoluntary Collaboration
What a lot of authorities
The Fall of Laval
The British Connection
The Protocols of Paris
Collaboration goes on
Economic Collaboration
Doriot and Déat
The Rank and File
Leftist Collaborationism
Circles of Influence
Je suis partout
Literary Collaborationism
Collaborationism as SelfHatred
Oberg Sauckel Dannecker Röthke
16 July 1942
The Collaborationists Attack
The North African Imbroglio
Shrinking Power
The Milice
The Balance Sheet
Part IIIVichy the Germans and the French People
Introduction to Part III
11Propaganda Policing and Administration
Other Maps
Repression and Administration
Propagandists of Truth
Loyalty without Enthralment
12Public Opinion Vichy and the Germans
From Disenchantment to Opposition
The Pétain Cult
Private Lives
Temptations and Sophistries
Continuing France
Ambiguities and Paradoxes
14Reconstructing Mankind
Moral HygieneSocial Hygiene
Family Values
Women Vichy and the Germans
Aspirations and Reality
A Pétainist Deviation?
Pockets of Health Mounier
An Architect at Vichy
An Economist at Vichy
15Vichy and the Jews
Vichy AntiSemitismNazi AntiSemitism
The Holocaust in France
French and Immigrants
Jewish Resistance
Indifference and Hostility
Solidarity and Rescue
Part IVThe Resistance
Introduction to Part IV
16The Free French 19401942
De Gaulle and his Allies
The National Committee
De Gaulles Ideology
De Gaulle and the French
17The Resistance 19401942
Glimmers in the Night
Movements and Networks
North and South
Towards Ideology
Catholics and Socialists
The Communists
Towards Unity
18De Gaulle and the Resistance 1942
First Contacts
Moulin and the Resistance
Geography and Sociology
How to Resist?
19Power Struggles 1943
Moulin Brossolette and the Movements
De Gaulle and Giraud
The Resistance Fights Back
Communist Policy
Responding to the Communists
Communist Infiltration?
20Resistance in Society
Diversification and Radicalization
The Disintegration of Vichy
The Maquis
The Peasantry and the Resistance
Women in the Resistance
Foreigners in the Resistance
Communists and Writers
National Insurrection
21Remaking France
Shared Values
An Abortive Third Way
The New Elite
Making Plans
Building a Clandestine State
Part VLiberation and After
Introduction to Part V
January to June 1944
Defeat of arms victory of souls
Springtime of Fear
Pétain in Paris
The Communists
What Kind of Insurrection?
COMAC v London
De Gaulle in Bayeux
The Last Days of Vichy
Liberation and Insurrection
The Liberation of Paris
From One Spa to Another
24A New France?
Restoring Order
Myth and Reality
Cleansing the Community
The Trials
Intellectuals in the Dock
The Resistance Betrayed?
Remembering the Occupation
AppendixThe Camps of Vichy France
Bibliographical Essay

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