Fire Mountains of the West: The Cascade and Mono Lake Volcanoes
For general readers or seasoned geologists, _Fire Mountains of the West_ begins with an introduction to volcanoes, the processes that create them, and the glaciers that sculpt them. The heart of the book is a fascinating biography of each of the major volcanoes of the Cascades and Mono Lake area. Dramatic photographs and illuminating maps and diagrams illustrate the visible features and hidden activity of volcanoes. From the subterranean lava tube caves of the Medicine Lake volcano to the fire-and-ice formation of Mount Garibaldi, from the cataclysmic collapse of Crater Lake to the incinerating blast of modern Mount St. Helens, and from deadly volcanic gas presently killing trees at Mammoth Mountain to massive mudflows waiting to burst from Mount Rainier, this book brings to life in dynamic language the geologic story of our western mountainscapes. Includes 27 color photographs, 79 black-and-white photographs, bibliography, glossary, and index.
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The Ring of Fire Hot Spots and Supereruptions
How Volcanoes Erupt and the Landforms They Build
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activity andesite lava ash clouds basaltic andesite blocks Butte caldera canyon Cascade Range Cascade volcanoes caves cinder cones cirque collapse Columbia composite cone Crater Lake Creek crust cubic miles dacite deposits downslope downvalley earthquakes east flank edifice ejected eroded explosive eruptions feet thick Forest formed geologists glacial Glacier Peak Goat Rocks Helens Helens's Holocene Hood's lahars lava dome lava flows layer located magma Medicine Lake Medicine Lake volcano melting million Mono moraines Mount Adams Mount Baker Mount Hood Mount Mazama Mount Rainier Mount Shasta Mount St mountain mudflows north flank northeast northwest occurred Oregon outburst Pacific Park phreatic plate Pleistocene probably produced Puget pumice pyroclastic flows recent rhyolite Ridge River valley rock fragments Sherman crater shield side silicic slopes smoke snow South Sister square miles steep stratovolcano surface tephra traveled triggered typically U.S. Geological Survey USGS vent volume voluminous Washington west flank