House Pits and Middens: A Methodological Study of Site Structure and Formation Processes at Ca-Ora-116, Newport Bay, Orange County, California

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Donn R. Grenda, Christopher J. Doolittle, Jeffrey H. Altschul
Statistical Research, Incorporated, 1999 - History - 274 pages
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ORA-116 is one of many coastal shell-midden sites in and around Newport Bay, a large, complex wetlands in southern California. Whereas shell-midden studies have traditionally focused on changes in subsistence and settlement patterns, this project took a decidedly different approach. Using a variety of innovative detection measures, eleven structures were identified and excavated. Most were interpreted as house pits; one was inferred to be a sweat lodge. The structures dated between about 300 B.C. and A.D. 700, placing the occupation within the Intermediate period. The archaeological study was augmented by pollen and ostracod analysis of a 1,081-cm core taken from the nearby San Joaquin Marsh, which helped establish the Holocene history of Newport Bay. The authors integrate archaeological, ethnographic, and environmental data in a comprehensive settlement and subsistence model that is sure to be of interest to all scholars of coastal wetlands adaptation.

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Field and Laboratory Methods by Dorm
Environmental Background by Jeffrey
Cultural Setting and Previous Research

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About the author (1999)

Jeffrey H. Altschul is President of Statistical Research, Inc. in Tucson, Arizona

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