## Fundamentals of engineering thermodynamicsPresents a comprehensive and rigorous treatment of engineering thermodynamics from the classical viewpoint, while inculcating in the reader an orderly approach to problem solving. Text provides a thorough development of the second law of thermodynamics (featuring the entropy-production concept), an up-to-date discussion of availability analysis (including an introduction to chemical availability), and a sound description of the application areas. Topics covered include control volume energy analysis, vapor power systems, gas power systems, thermodynamic relations for simple compressible substances, nonreacting ideal gas mixtures and psycrometrics, reacting mixtures and combustion, and chemical and phase equilibrium. Contains 138 solved examples and over 1200 end-of-chapter problems, some requiring the use of a computer. |

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Page 164

FIVE THE

has emphasized the use of the conservation of mass and conservation of energy

principles, together with property relations for thermodynamic analysis.

FIVE THE

**SECOND LAW**OF THERMODYNAMICS The presentation to this pointhas emphasized the use of the conservation of mass and conservation of energy

principles, together with property relations for thermodynamic analysis.

Page 167

Additional uses of the

scale independent of the properties of any thermometric substance and (6)

developing means for evaluating properties such as u and h in terms of

properties that ...

Additional uses of the

**second law**include its roles in (5) defining a temperaturescale independent of the properties of any thermometric substance and (6)

developing means for evaluating properties such as u and h in terms of

properties that ...

Page 176

5.4

important corollaries of the

and heat pump cycles are presented in this section. These results further our ...

5.4

**SECOND LAW**COROLLARIES FOR THERMODYNAMIC CYCLES Severalimportant corollaries of the

**second law**related to power cycles and refrigerationand heat pump cycles are presented in this section. These results further our ...

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### Common terms and phrases

adiabatic air entering air-fuel ratio air-standard analysis Btu/lb chemical closed system coefficient of performance combustion component compression compressor condenser constant control volume Determine diagram dry air energy rate balance energy transfer entropy production equilibrium evaluated Example expression feedwater heater FIGURE fluid fuel gases Given Data heat exchanger heat pump heat transfer ideal gas mixture ideal gas model initially input intensive properties internally reversible isentropic kinetic and potential kJ/kg kmol liquid water mass flow rate moist air molar nozzle operating at steady potential energy effects power cycle properties Rankine cycle ratio Refrigerant 12 reservoir saturated liquid Schematic and Given second law second law efficiency SOLUTION Known specific enthalpy specific entropy specific heat specific volume steam surroundings Table A-2 tank thermal efficiency thermodynamic unit mass unit of mass values vapor power velocity volumetric flow rate water vapor