The Great Armies of Antiquity

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Greenwood Publishing Group, Jan 1, 2002 - History - 430 pages
2 Reviews

Gabriel examines 18 ancient army systems, examining the organizational structure and weapons employed and the degree to which cultural values and imperatives shaped the form and application of military force. The tactical doctrines and specific operational capabilities of each army are analyzed to explain how certain technical limitations and societal/cultural imperatives affected the operational capabilities of ancient armies. Cross-cultural and cross-historical connections ground the analysis in the larger historical context of the ancient world.

Sumer and Akkad

The Armies of the Pharaohs

The Hittites

The Mitanni

Armies of the Bible

The Iron Army of Assyria

Chinese Armies

Persia and the Art of Logistics

The Greeks

Carthaginian Armies

Armies of India


The Iberians, Celts, Germans, and Goths

The Army of Byzantium

The Vikings

The Arab Armies

The Japanese Way of War

The Mongols

The Ottomans

This book also provides an introductory overview of war in the ancient world, from 2500 B.C.E. to 1453 C.E., as well as an examination of the evolution of modern warfare from 1453 to 2002 C.E."


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The man is another example of an intellectual midget. He has no spiritual discernment when speaking about the wars that Israel fought in the biblical days. To suggest that Israel stabbed Moses in the back is preposterous. To try to explain God's judgement from a human point of view is futile at best. And our Lord Jesus will be smitten only once, anyone who opposes this idea will be crushed thoroughly. And to imply that Moses kept the armies of Israel wandering through the desert for 40 years just to build them up comes from an ignorant view of the Bible. He also implied that Joshua was wrong for annihilating Jericho. The judgement of God is Swift and without mercy to the wicked who would lead little ones into a demonic mindset. He doesn't tell you that the people of the time cooked their newborn babies as a sacrifice in a gigantic frying pan... But of course no 1 sees the parallel between that, and the way you raise your children now ignorant of the Lord your God as most of you toss your children into the proverbial frying pan of a satanic world with no tools, wisdom or support. Just keep trusting your children to these 'distinguished teachers' and keep watching America's culture turn into a gigantic toilet...... excuse me it already is 


2 The WorId s First Armies Sumer and Akkad
3 The Armies of the Pharaohs
4 The Hittites and Iron Weapons
5 The Mitanni and the War Chariot
6 The Armies of the Bible
7 The Iron Army of Assyria
The Shang and Zhou Periods
9 Persia and the Art of Logistics
Iberians Gauls Germans and Goths
15 The Army of Byzantium
Raiders from the Open Sea
17 The Arab Armies
18 The Japanese Way of War
19 The Mongols
20 The Ottomans
21 The Evolution of Modem War

Classical and Imperial Periods
11 Carthaginian Armies
Vedic and Imperial Periods
The Armies of the Caesars

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About the author (2002)

RICHARD A. GABRIEL is a military historian and Adjunct Professor of Humanities and Ethics at Daniel Webster College. His most recent book is "Great Captains of Antiquity" (Greenwood, 2000).

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