Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy in England, Volume 1
"The following lectures contain criticisms on the views and doctrines of a series of ethical writers; they attempt to point out how far each was right, and in what way he contributed to the progress of moral speculation in this country. It is plain that such judgments must be affected by the views and doctrines of the critic himself. Nor is this a disadvantage in such criticism, if the critic's point of view be definite and evident. In my "Elements of Morality" I have given that view of the grounds and relations of moral truths to which the best parts of all previous moral speculations appear to me to converge; but it may still be of use to explain here, more briefly and pointedly, the System of Morality there presented"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved).
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according actions acts Affections allowed already ancient appear argument asserted attempt authority belong Bentham body called Christian Church Civil College common concerning condition Conscience consequences consider consideration course depend derived Desires determined direct Divine doctrine doubt duty Edition elements English eternal evil example existence expression faculties foundation give given ground happiness Hobbes human human action ideas independent interest judge kind knowledge Lectures living look man's manner Master means mind mode moral moralists nature necessary Notes notice object obligation Offenses opinions Paley perhaps persons philosophy pleasure popular practical present principles produce Property published punishment questions reason reference regard relations religion respecting result rules says sense speak speculation term things thought tion true truth University virtue whole writers wrong
Page 224 - The day may come, when the rest of the animal creation may acquire those rights which never could have been withholden from them but by the hand of tyranny. The French have already discovered that the blackness of the skin is no reason why a human being should be abandoned without redress to the caprice of a tormentor. It may...
Page 29 - In these western parts of the world, we are made to receive our opinions concerning the institution, and rights of commonwealths, from Aristotle, Cicero...
Page 18 - Therefore, though he that is subject to no civil law, sinneth in all he does against his conscience, because he has no other rule to follow but his own reason ; yet it is not so with him that lives in a commonwealth ; because the law is the public conscience, by which he hath already undertaken to be guided.
Page 30 - Also, men laugh at the infirmities of others by comparison wherewith their own abilities are set off and illustrated. Also men laugh at jests the wit whereof always consisteth in the elegant discovering and conveying to our minds some absurdity of another; and in this case also the passion of laughter proceedeth from the sudden imagination of our own...
Page 205 - One man says, he has a thing made on purpose to tell him what is right and what is wrong ; and that it is called a moral sense : and then he goes to work at his ease, and says, such a thing is right, and sucl. a thing is wrong ; why ? ' because my moral sense tells me it is.
Page 17 - This is the generation of that great LEVIATHAN, or rather, to speak more reverently, of that mortal god, to which we owe under the immortal God, our peace and defence.
Page 93 - Thus the wisdom of what rules, and is first and chief in Nature, has made it to be according to the private interest and good of every one to work towards the general good, which if a creature ceases to promote, he is actually so far wanting to himself, and ceases to promote his own happiness and welfare. He is on this account directly, his own enemy, nor can he any otherwise be good or useful to himself than as he continues good to society, and to that whole of which he is himself a part.