State Dominance in Myanmar: The Political Economy of Industrialization
The central focus of the book is the state's efforts to industrialize Myanmar, first through direct intervention and planning under a socialist economic framework as interpreted by the state leaders (1948-88) and lately (1989 onwards) through state-managed outward orientation. In examining developments during the 1948-88 period, this study situates the Myanmar case within the developmental state paradigm, whereby a critique of the investment-driven-pathway of Myanmar's political economy under socialist ethos is provided. On the other hand, in examining the post-1988 period, the focus is on drawing attention to continuities regarding the states crucial role, despite attempts to introduce market-conforming policies and practices, in economic development in general and industrialization in particular.
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Enduring Ideas and Lingering Notions
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AFPFL agriculture annual Asia Asian Development Bank Aung San average BSPP Burma Socialist Programme Burmese capital cent Central co-operatives colonial Committee Council deficit developmental Economic Development edited employment enterprises established example export FIGURE Fiscal year ending foreign exchange Four-Year Plan growth rate Hnint ibid implementation imports income increased Industrial Development Institute of Southeast investment Khin Khin Nyunt Kyaw labour loans Lokengan manufacturing sector Maung Maung military million kyat Minister Ministry of Planning Myanmar's economy Myar Myint nomenklatura output People's period Planning and Finance political private sector processing and manufacturing production Pyidawtha Pyithu Hluttaw Rangoon reforms regime Report rice role rule Sethmu share SLORC Social socialist Socialist Programme Party Source Southeast Asian Studies state's strategy Table targets Tatmadaw Thailand Thamaing trade trend U.S. dollar Union of Burma University Press value-added Walinsky workers World Bank Yangon