Warriors in Politics: Hindu Nationalism, Violence, and the Shiv Sena in India
In theorizing about the link between violence and the politics of nationalism, most scholars have rejected the idea that primordial hatred between different ethnic and/or religious groups residing in close proximity will inevitably lead to conflict and the call for a ethnically/religiously pure nation-state. Rather, conflict tends to occur when humans manipulate social, political, economic, and ideological factors to construct nationalist identities and movements. The “manipulation” perspective is the underlying theoretical framework of Warriors in Politics which uses the Mumbai riots of December 1992 and January 1993 to analyze the brand of nationalism created and disseminated by the Indian political party Shiv Sena. While the theoretical and empirical research of others is an important part of this study, interviews conducted by the author when she lived in Mumbai during this tumultuous period as well as her own theorizing on the links among masculinity, militarism, and nationalism, provide an excellent analysis of the factors—economic, political, and ideological--that converge to transform the simmering discontent of the politics of nationalism into violent conflict.
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Incidents of Violence
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aggressive alliance analysis areas argued Bal Thackeray Behrampada Bhiwandi BJP/Sena Bombay British caste Chatterjee chawl citizens civic nationalism colonial communal violence conflict Congress corporator Congress government construction context created crisis cultural nationalism de-industrialization Delhi democracy demolition Dharavi dichotomy dominance elections elite employment enemy ethnic feminine gender hegemonic masculinity Hindu community Hindu identity Hindu nation Hindutva Ibid ideas ideology India Indian political informal sector interpretation Islam January Jogeshwari Joshi Katzenstein labor litical loyalty maha-artis Maharashtra Maharashtrian Hindu majoritarianism Maratha Marxist masculine Hinduism mobilization modern Mumbai riots municipal Muslim Nehruvian nomic organization party percent personal interview police political action popular powerloom protect Rajdeep Sardesai rational choice religion religious role Saamna secular Sena activists Sena's Sena's political Sena/BJP shakhas Shiv Sena Shiv Sena leader Shivaji slum dwellers social society symbols textile mills Thackeray Tilak tion tional tradition University Press urban Vivekananda votes warrior Wersch workers
Make Me a Man!: Masculinity, Hinduism, and Nationalism in India
Limited preview - 2012