A Dictionary of American Politics: Comprising Accounts of Political Parties, Measures and Men, and Explanations of the Constitution, Divisions and Practical Workings of the Government, Together with Political Phrases, Familiar Names of Persons and Places, Noteworthy Sayings, Etc., Etc
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Adams adopted amendment American Annexations applied appointed army Article banks bill born Britain called candidate census cent citizens City Civil claimed Clause coinage committee Congress Constitution convention debt December declared defeated Democratic party Democratic-Republican party District duties elected electoral votes England executive favor federal Federalists foreign France Free Soil party Governor granted House of Representatives Indian Jackson January Jefferson John John Quincy Adams July June Kentucky known labor land last census 1890 legislation Legislature liberty Louisiana Louisiana purchase March Massachusetts ment Missouri Missouri Compromise navy nominated North Ohio opposed organization passed peace Pennsylvania persons political population in 1880 President presidential prohibited protection Republican party revenue Secretary Senate silver slavery slaves South Carolina Supreme Court tariff term territory tion Treasury treaty Union United United States Senator vessels veto Vice-President Virginia Washington Whigs William York
Page 207 - Promote then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.
Page 206 - Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens.
Page 204 - This government, the offspring of our own choice uninfluenced and unawed, adopted upon full investigation and mature deliberation, completely free in its principles, in the distribution of its powers, uniting security with energy, and containing within itself a provision for its own amendment, has a just claim to your confidence and your support. Respect for its authority, compliance with its laws, acquiescence in its measures, are duties enjoined by the fundamental maxims of true liberty. The basis...
Page 37 - ... proceedings being in either case transmitted to Congress, and lodged among the Acts of Congress, for the security of the parties concerned : provided that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath, to be administered by one of the judges of the Supreme or Superior Court of the State where the cause shall be tried, " well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment, without favor, affection, or hope of reward.
Page 203 - Hence, likewise, they will avoid the necessity of those overgrown military establishments which, under any form of government, are inauspicious to liberty, and which are to be regarded as particularly hostile to republican liberty; in this sense it is that your union ought to be considered as a main prop of your liberty, and that the love of the one ought to endear to you the preservation of the other.
Page 207 - In the execution of such a plan nothing is more essential than that permanent, inveterate antipathies against particular nations and passionate attachments for others should be excluded ; and that in place of them just and amicable feelings towards all should be cultivated. The Nation, which indulges towards another an habitual hatred or an habitual fondness, is in some degree a slave.
Page 206 - A just estimate of that love of power and proneness to abuse it, which predominates in the human heart, is sufficient to satisfy us of the truth of this position. The necessity of reciprocal checks in the exercise of political power, by dividing and distributing it into different depositories and constituting each the guardian of the public weal, against invasions by the others, has been evinced by experiments ancient and modern : some of them in our own country, and under our own eyes. To preserve...
Page 201 - ... me all important to the permanency of your felicity as a people. These will be offered to you with the more freedom, as you can only see in them the disinterested warnings of a parting friend, who can possibly have no personal motive to bias his counsel.
Page 210 - I could wish ; that they will control the usual current of the passions, or prevent our nation from running the course which has hitherto marked the destiny of nations : but if I may even flatter myself that they may be productive of some partial benefit, some occasional good ; that they may now and then recur, to moderate the fury of party spirit, to warn against the mischiefs of foreign intrigue, to guard against the impostures of pretended patriotism ; this hope will be a full recompense for the...
Page 313 - ... now we are engaged in a great civil war testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure we are met on a great battlefield of that war we have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live...