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abundant Athabasca banks Battleford beaver British Columbia buffalo Burrard Inlet Bute Inlet camp Canadian Pacific canoes chief climate coal coast Company's cultivation distance Dunvegan east eastward Edmonton Eiver Pass Eocky Mountains Esquimault excellent farming favourable feet fertile flows Forks Fort Edmonton Fort McLeod Fort St Fraser frequently frost H. B. Company half-breeds harbour hills horses Hudson's Bay Company Hudson's Hope hundred Indians islands journey labour Lake Athabasca Lake Babine land Lesser Slave Lake McLeod Metlahkatlah miles miners mission moose mouth neighbourhood North-West northern occasional Omenica Pacific Eailway Parsnip Peace Eiver district Pine Eiver plateau Port Essington Port Simpson Portage portion prairie Province Queen Charlotte Islands railway rich river route Saskatchewan settlement settlers side Skeena slopes soil sometimes southern steamer stream supply territory timber trail traveller traversed tribes tributary valley Vancouver Victoria village wheat Winnipeg wooded
Page 10 - The Government of the Dominion undertake to secure the commencement simultaneously, within two years from the date of the Union, of the construction of a railway from the Pacific towards the Rocky Mountains, and from such point as may be selected, east of the Rocky Mountains, towards the Pacific, to connect the seaboard of British Columbia with the railway system of Canada; and further, to secure the completion of such railway within ten years from the date of the Union.
Page 66 - ... The figures ingeniously cut upon these door-posts are supposed to be the heraldic bearings of the family ; but to the uninitiated the heraldry of these Indians is as mysterious as the heraldry of the English nobility. Frogs, bears, beavers, whales, salmon, seals, eagles, men, sometimes men tapering into fish like the fabulous merman, are the figures most frequently seen. Several of these may be found on each post, the post being about thirty feet high, and two feet in diameter at the base. In...
Page 150 - The Beavers, who live east of the Rocky Mountains, call it the Unchagah, " The Peace," for on its banks was settled, once for all, a feud that had long been waged between them and the Crees. About a mile below the rapid the river turns suddenly to the eastward ; at this bend it is fringed, on both banks, by gentle slopes and irregular benches, beyond which rise the hills, at first not more than 2,000 to 2,500 feet in height, some scarped by ravines, some castellated with regular strata of rock, but...
Page 146 - Some of the blocks found along the shores of the Parsnip were of large size, and sufficiently pure and compact to be of value as fuel if found in thick seams.
Page 172 - The flesh is his chief article of food ; the skin when tanned is the great material for dress, at least for winter costume, while untanned it is used for a great variety of purposes, among others as the covering for his tent, or tepee ; and, cut into strips (in which form it is known as shaganappi), it serves in almost every manufacture, and for all kinds of repairs.
Page 282 - They are now numerous, and inhabit a vast extent of plains. Their lands may be said to commence at the Hair hills, near Red river, thence running W. along the Assiniboine, from that to the junction of the North and South branches of the Saskatchewan, and up the former branch to Fort Vermillion ; then due S. to Battle river, then SE to the Missourie, down that river nearly to the Mandane villages, and finally NE to the Hair hills again. All this space of open country may be called the lands of the...
Page 213 - We observed that, curiously enough, the vegetation upon these uplands did not appear to have suffered so much from the effects of frost, this being probably due to the fact of the air in these upper regions being constantly in motion, while in the deep and capacious valley of the river the winds have often no effect.
Page 18 - ... down as 25,000 tons per acre, or sixteen million of tons per square mile ; and yet, as if this were not sufficient to warm the world for a while, and to enrich Vancouver for ages, the Geological Survey Report assures us that the coal measures " run " in a narrow trough, which may be said to extend to the " vicinity of Cape Mudge on tho north-west, and to " approach within fifteen miles of Victoria on the south" east, with a length of about 130 miles.
Page 266 - Probably on some of the plains no trees have grown for many centuries, as no roots nor any trace of decayed trees can be detected in the soil. For the most part, however, they have manifestly been denuded by fire, sometimes the result of accident but frequently set by the Indians as their mode of signalling each other. To quote Capt. Palliser: " The most trivial signal of one Indian to another has often lost hundreds of acres of forest trees which might have brought wealth and comfort to the future...