The Calais Garrison: War and Military Service in England, 1436-1558
"This is the book on the Calais garrison we have been waiting for". COLIN RICHMOND For over 200 years, following its capture by Edward III in 1347, the town of Calais was in English hands; after 1453 it remained the last English possession on the continent, a commercial, cultural, diplomatic and military frontier, until its recapture by the French in 1558. This book - the first full-length study so to do - examines the Calais garrison, the largest standing military force available to the English crown. Based on extensive archival research, it covers recruitment and service in the garrison, the problems of pay and logistics, the weaponry and tactics used, and the chivalric and professional ethos among the soldiers. It also investigates the effectiveness of English arms against their European counterparts, through a detailed study of the failed Burgundian siege of 1436 and the successful French siege of 1558. Overall, it reaffirms the importance of Calais to successive medieval and early modern English kings, and challenges the perceived notion that England lagged behind its northwest European rivals in terms of military technology and effectiveness. The Calais garrison is placed in the wider context of the development of European warfare in general during this period. Dr DAVID GRUMMITT is Lecturer in British History, University of Kent.
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Calais and its Garrison in Context
The Burgundian Siege of 1436
The Organisation of the Garrison
The Nature of Military Service in the Pale
Chivalry and Professionalism in the Calais Garrison
Weaponry and Fortifications in Calais
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act of retainer Anne Curry appointed archers artillery battle Beaufort Boulogne Brut bulwarks Burgundian Calais garrison Calais Pale Calais’s campaign Charles the Bold chivalric Chronicle command council crews crown David Grummitt defence of Calais deputy duke of Burgundy early sixteenth century early Tudor England English armies evidence exchequer fifteenth century financing fortifications France French Gloucester’s Government of Calais Guīnes gunners gunpowder weaponry Hammes Henry VI Henry VIII Henry VIII’s reign honour hundred Hundred Years War important indenture January July king king’s Lancastrian lieutenant of Calais London Lord Hastings Low Countries men-at-arms merchants Military Revolution military service Mortain muster Newembridge Normandy organisation Oxford Pale’s Philip political regular garrison Reign of Henry reinforcements retinue Richard role royal Rysbank Tower served siege of Calais Sir John soldiers Somerset staple staplers Steven Gunn Thomas town and marches town’s trade treasurer of Calais victuals VII’s wages warfare Waurin Wentworth William wool