Captive Histories: English, French, and Native Narratives of the 1704 Deerfield Raid

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Univ of Massachusetts Press, 2006 - History - 298 pages
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This volume draws together an unusually rich body of original sources that tell the story of the 1704 French and Indian attack on Deerfield, Massachusetts, from different vantage points. Texts range from one of the most famous early American captivity narratives, John Williams' The Redeemed Captive, to the records of French soldiers and clerics, to little-known Abenaki and Mohawk stories of the raid that emerged out of their communities' oral traditions. Evan Haefeli and Kevin Sweeney provide a general introduction, extensive annotations, and headnotes to each text. Although the oft-reprinted Redeemed Captive stands at the core of this collection, it is juxtaposed to less familiar accounts of captivity composed by other Deerfield residents: Quentin Stockwell, Daniel Belding, Joseph Petty, Joseph Kellogg, and the teen aged Stephen Williams. Presented in their original form, before clerical editors revised and embellished their content to highlight religious themes, these stories challenge long-standing assumptions about classic Puritan captivity narratives. equally noteworthy, offering a rare opportunity not only to compare captors' and captives' accounts of the same experiences, but to do so with reference to different Native oral traditions. Similarly, the memoirs of French military officers and an excerpt from the Jesuit Relations illuminate the motivations behind the attack and offer fresh insights into the complexities of French-Indian alliances. Taken together, the stories collected in this volume, framed by the editors' introduction and the assessments of two Native scholars, Taiaiake Alfred and Marge Bruchac, allow readers to reconstruct the history of the Deerfield raid from multiple points of view and, in so doing, to explore the interplay of culture and memory that shapes our understanding of the past.
  

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Captive histories: English, French, and Native narratives of the 1704 Deerfield raid

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In their excellent monograph,Captors and Captives: The 1704 French and Indian Raid on Deerfield , Haefeli (history, Columbia Univ.) and Sweeney (history & American studies, Amherst Coll.) told the ... Read full review

Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
QUENTIHSTOCKWELLS RELATION OF HIS 1677 CAPTIVITY AND REDEMPTION 1684
35
THE CAPTURE AND DEATH OF CHEPASSON 1690
49
DANIEL BELDINGS 1696 CAPTIVITY C 1729
54
THE RAID
61
DESTRUCTION OF DEERFIELD 1704
63
LETTER FROM WILLIAM WHITING TO GOVERNOR FITZJOHN WINTHROP 1704
67
LETTER FROM ISAAC ADDINGTON TO GOVERNOR FITZJOHN WINTHROP 1704
70
FRENCH NARRATIVES
189
A LETTER CONCERNING THE MISSION OF LORETTE IN NEW FRANCE 1710
191
HERTEL MEMOIRE C1712
205
MOHAWK NARRATIVES
211
THE STORY OF THE BELL 1882
213
THE LIFE AND CAPTIVITY OF MISS EUNICE WILLIAMS 1842
221
A DESCENDANT RECOUNTS THE 1704 ATTACK 1995
244
ABENAKI NARRATIVES
253

PARTRIDGES LAMENT 1704
72
LETTER FROM PHILIPPE DE RIGAUD DE VAUDREUIL TO THE MINISTER OF THE MARINE 1704
79
LETTER FROM CLAUDE DE RAMEZAY TO THE MINISTER OF THE MARINE 1704
83
ENGLISH NARRATIVES
87
THE REDEEMED CAPTIVE RETURNING TO ZION 1707
89
IN HIS CAPTIVITY C 1707
159
LETTER FROM JOHN WILLIAMS TO STEPHEN WILLIAMS 1729
171
JOSEPH PETTYS 1705 ESCAPE C 1729
175
WHEN I WAS CARRIED TO CANADA C 1740
181
THE HISTORY AND TRADITIONS OF EUNICE WILLIAMS AND HER DESCENDANTS 1922
255
THE SADOQUES FAMILY AND DEERFIELD 2004
262
Identities of Native People
279
List of the 1704 Deerfield Captives
280
Fates of the 1704 Deerfield Captives
283
Fates of New England Captives Taken between 1703 and 1712
284
SUGGESTED READINGS
285
INDEX
289
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Evan Haefeli is assistant professor of history at Columbia University.

Kevin Sweeney is professor of history and American studies at Amherst College.