The African Squadron, Ashburton treaty, Consular sea letters: reviewed, in an address

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William F. Geddes, printer, 1855 - Law - 16 pages
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Page 3 - By the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord " High Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland, &c.
Page 6 - Ashburton treaty in 1842, kept up a squadron on the coast of Africa for the suppression of the slave trade, and we are still bound to continue it.
Page 14 - The opinion has heretofore been frequently expressed, that there is no necessity for a squadron of so many guns on the coast of Africa ; and that notice should be given to Great Britain, under the terms of the Treaty in regard to the suppression of the Slave Trade, so as to be relieved from its obligations. The commerce on that coast has, of late years, increased so greatly, and American ships trading in that region have multiplied so much, that I am satisfied that the squadron is needed, and is...
Page 7 - Treaty stipulation, therefore, does not, in effect impose any new obligations, nor exact any expenditure which would not otherwise have been necessary and proper. The pledge given to England, is but the pledge given to all nations in the Treaty of Ghent, and in the general course of our policy with reference to the Slave Trade. We keep our faith to the civilized world, upon this interesting point, by simply preserving our own consistency, and rendering due protection to the interests of our people.
Page 11 - John Adams" assisting a merchant vessel in distress ; and I submit in the appendix (Nos. 2, 3, and 4) some letters from President Roberts, expressing acknowledgments for benefits derived from our squadron. But, from the causes I have enumerated, our cruisers can visit very few places compared to the number that should be visited, and, as the log-books will testify, often remain long at their anchors, or make yet more lengthy passages to Madeira to recruit — a passage which, under canvass alone,...
Page 3 - The commanding officers of Her Majesty's vessels on the African station are to bear in mind, that it is no part of their duty to capture, or visit, or in any way to interfere with vessels of The United States, whether those vessels shall have slaves on board or not...
Page 12 - The African slave trade has, it is believed, been entirely suppressed in Brazil, and, in this hemisphere, the remaining colonies of Spain — Cuba and Porto Rico — are its only marts. Your committee think that if the American flag be still employed in this nefarious traffic, now prohibited by every Christian nation, and surreptitiously tolerated by Spain alone, the abuse can be more efficiently corrected by the employment of our cruisers in the vicinity of those islands.
Page 10 - In this view it is, that I cannot too forcibly insist on the absolute necessity of the continuation of our naval exertions, which, so far from being diminished, ought as far as possible, I conceive, to be still further increased, till the hideous hydra shall be finally and forever destroyed.
Page 7 - ... comparison with that of other stations. This the Navy Department attributes to the extraordinary sanitary measures adopted by the officers of the squadron. France, at one time, obliged herself to keep up an equal force with Great Britain on the coast of Africa, say...
Page 12 - I consider it is entirely dependent upon the commercial demand for slaves, and has little or no connection with the squadron. You think that the present system is open to many grave objections on other accounts, and that it will not succeed? Experience has proven the present system to be futile. The total result of the operations of our squadron during twelve years has been the capture of 14 vessels. The African slave trade has, it is believed, been entirely suppressed in Brazil, and, in this hemisphere,...

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