The Concept of Rudra-Śiva Through the Ages
The present book throws new light on the gradual development of the concept of Rudra-Siva in his animal, phallic and human forms, since the days of the Harappa Civilization. It examines how Siva, the composite Aryan-non-Aryan Divinity, was not only admitted but was ultimately crowned with an exalted position in the Brahmanical pantheon; how the bull once identified with the deity, was regulated to the position of a vahana; how phallism was related to Saivism and also how Siva, in his different forms, was represented in early Indian Art and the Art of Further India. The wide range and depth of the author's research fills a vital gap in the subject and his treatment of the entire subject is unique. This methodical study on Siva also contains an exhaustive bibliography.
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Agni Ancient India anthropomorphic ARASI Ardhanarisvara Aryan Atharvaveda Audumbara Austric Banerjea Bhandarkar Bhita Bombay Brahmanical Calcutta Campa century A.D. cult deity Delhi early emblem Epic epithet figure of Siva form of Siva Gandhara goddess gods Gopinatha Grhyasutras Gupta period Harappa Harappa civilization Hindu Hinduism History horns humped bull Ibid Iconography images of Siva Indian art Indian Culture Indus valley inscription JISOA Kailasa Kamboja king Kusana large number later days legend linga London Macdonell Madras Mahabharata Mahadeva Majumdar Mathura Mathura Museum Mohenjodaro Myth Mythology Nandin non-Aryan Numismatic origin Pallava Parvati Pasupati perhaps phallic phallus Prajapati pre-Aryan proto-Siva Puranas Religion representation of Siva represented Rgveda Rgvedic Rudra Rudra-Siva Saiva Saivism Satapatha Satarudriya sculpture seals serpent Sircar Siva-linga Siva's south India specimen story symbol temple terracotta theriomorphic tribes trident Trimurti Upanisad vahana Vedas Vedic literature Visnu vratyas worship
Page 20 - For there is one Rudra only, they do not allow a second, who rules all the worlds by his powers. He stands behind all persons, and after having created all worlds he, the protector, rolls it up at the end of time.
Page 4 - O Rudra, hurt us not in our kith and kin, nor in our own life, not in our cows, nor in our horses ! Do not slay our men in thy wrath : carrying libations, we call on thee always.
Page 170 - And we shall not be far wrong, if we determine its date as about the end of the fourth, or the beginning of the fifth century before Christ. 3. In the critical work on the Four Books, called ' Record of Remarks in the village of Yung1,' it is observed, ' The Analects, in my opinion, were made by the disciples, just like this record of remarks.
Page 4 - LIGHTNING) 1. We offer these prayers to Rudra, the strong, whose hair is braided, who rules over heroes, that he may be a blessing to man and beast, that everything in this our village may be prosperous and free from disease. 2. Be gracious to us, O Rudra, and give us joy, and we shall honour thee, the ruler of heroes, with worship. What health and wealth father Manu acquired by his sacrifices, may we obtain the same, O Rudra, under thy guidance.
Page 139 - He who is the sovereign of the gods, he in whom all the worlds rest, he who rules over all two-footed and four-footed beings, to that god let us sacrifice an oblation.
Page 25 - May the birds come, licking what has been anointed.' a8. He then should besprinkk that (handful of grass) with water, and should throw it into the fire with (the verse), ' Thou who art the lord of cattle, Rudra, who walkest with the lines (of cattle), the manly one: do no harm to our cattle; let this be offered to thee ! Svaha !
Page 15 - Surely, I am mightier than that: give me yet a name!' 11. He said to him, 'Thou art Sarva.' And because he gave the him that name, the waters became suchlike, for Sarva is the waters, inasmuch as from the water everything (sarva) here is produced. He said, 'Surely, I am mightier than that: give me yet a name!
Page 188 - Supplementary Catalogue of the Archaeological Collection of the Indian Museum. Calcutta, 1911.
Page 10 - Bhava the archer, the protector of theVratyas, or outcasts, in the intermediate space of the eastern region, Sarva of the southern region, Pasupati of the western region, Ugra of the northern region, Rudra of the lower region, Mahadeva of the upper region, and Isana of all the intermediate regions (XV, 5, 1—7)§ 81.