Natural and Artificial Reasoning: An Exploration of Modelling Human Thinking

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Springer, Oct 20, 2014 - Computers - 199 pages
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What are the limitations of computer models and why do we still not have working models of people that are recognizably human? This is the principle puzzle explored in this book where ideas behind systems that behave intelligently are described and different philosophical issues are touched upon.

The key to human behavior is taken to be intelligence and the ability to reason about the world. A strong scientific approach is taken, but first it was required to understand what a scientific approach could mean in the context of both natural and artificial systems. A theory of intelligence is proposed that can be tested and developed in the light of experimental results. The book illustrates that intelligence is much more than just behavior confined to a unique person or a single computer program within a fixed time frame. Some answers are unraveled and some puzzles emerge from these investigations and experiments.

Natural and Artificial Reasoning provides a few steps of an exciting journey that began many centuries ago with the word ‘why?’

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Insight and Reason
1
Chapter 2 Information and Intelligence
12
Chapter 3 Identifying Intelligence
27
Chapter 4 Knowledge Science
42
Chapter 5 Modelling Experiments
61
Chapter 6 Modelling Inference
72
Chapter 7 Simulating Belief and Action
91
Chapter 8 Programming and Meaning
107
Chapter 9 Irrational Reasoning
119
Chapter 10 Knowledge for Design
129
Chapter 11 Measures of Intelligence
141
Chapter 12 Implementing Intelligence
152
Chapter 13 Figuratively Speaking
165
Chapter 14 Seeking Allies
183
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