Poland's Last King and English Culture: Stanisław August Poniatowski, 1732-1798
The attempt by Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-95) 'to create anew the Polish world' was one of the most audacious enterprises of reform undertaken by any enlightened monarch in the eighteenth century. None started in less promising circumstances. Politically the King was trapped between a Russian protectorate and a nobility wedded to its anarchic liberty. The beginnings of the Polish Enlightenment had yet to make more than ripples on the stagnant waters of Polish culture. Yet by 1791,Poland-Lithuania had made a huge cultural advance, and had given herself a constitution admired across Europe. Tragically for Poland, her neighbours then destroyed much of these achievements and partitioned the country out of existence. Stanislaw August died in exile, cursed by most of his compatriots to this day. In Poland's Last King', Richard Butterwick reassesses the achievement of Poland's last and most controversial king. He shows how Stanislaw's radical plans for reform of Poland's constitution and culture were profoundly influenced by his love of England, and examines the successes and limitations of the Polish Enlightenment.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
AKsJP Anglomania Anglophilia BC2art BL Add British Bukaty C2artoryski Catherine Charles Yorke commissions Commonwealth correspondence Cracow Crown culture diplomatic eighteenth century elected elekta England English constitution English influence English model Enlightenment envoys Europe Familia foreign Four Year Seym France Freemasonry French gardens George hetmans Idem June king king's Konarski Letters liberty liberum liberum veto Libis2owska Lithuania London Lord Lukowski magnates Maja Memoires ment Michal Michalski ministers monarchy Montesquieu nation Oxford Paris Parliament Partition philosophy Poland Poles Polish Polish Enlightenment political Polsce Polska polskiego Potocki prerogative reform republican Rostworowski Rottermund Royal Castle Russia s2lachta Sarmatian Sejm Sejmu senate sent Sept Seym seymiki Shakespeare Sir Charles Stan Stanislaw August Stanislaw August Poniatowski Stanislaw Poniatowski Stormont tion translation veto Voltaire Walpole Warsaw Whigs wieku Williams Williams's Wroclaw wrote Wroughton Zamoyski