The Last Twelve Verses of Mark
A study of the authenticity and interpretation of the last twelve verses of St Mark's Gospel. These verses are omitted from at least one important manuscript tradition and queried in most modern translations (though not from the NEB). Professor Farmer traces the history of the text tradition for omission back to Egypt, and argues that one important factor contributing to their omission was the dangerous teaching they seemed to contain: they appear to encourage Christians to handle deadly snakes and drink poisons to prove their faith, a practice which has been revived today by some Christian sects who accept the scriptural authority of these verses. The teaching of these verses has, however, never become established in orthodox Christianity and indeed most Christians are unaware of their doctrinal significance. Professor Farmer reviews all the textual and patristic evidence and examines the most plausible solutions that have been canvassed. This is another substantial contribution to a series that has set the highest standards of scholarship in biblical and New Testament studies.
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The witness of Eusebius
The witness of Jerome
Summary of witnesses for inclusion
Alexandria and the chief witnesses for omission
Remaining manuscript witnesses for omission
1o A proposed conjectural solution
accurate Alexandrian Alpha text type Ammonius ancient church Antioch Apostolic Apostolic Constitutions Armenian version authenticity of Mk B X text begin a sentence Burgon Caesarea Caesarean text Canons Cappadocia Celsus Christian cited Colwell Commentary Contra Celsum copies of Mark critical Diatessaron Diatessaron Gospel early Egypt elsewhere in Mark ending Mark Eusebius evangelists exegetical fact fifth century found in Mk fourth century Gospel of Mark Gregory Gregory the Illuminator Harmony included indicates influence Irenaeus Italy and Gaul Jesus KCCI kinship last twelve verses lectionary linguistic Luke and John Mai's text manuscript evidence Marcan authorship Marcion Mark and John Mark's Mary Magdalene Matt Morgenthaler occurs omitted Mk Origen parallel passage patristic problem reference to Mk resurrection scholars scholium scriptorium scriptures second century seems Streeter Syriac text of Mark text tradition textual tradition tion verse 1o verses of Mark witness for inclusion witness for omission word Zenodotus