Handbook of South American Archaeology

Front Cover
Helaine Silverman, William Isbell
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 4, 2008 - Social Science - 1192 pages
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Perhaps the contributions of South American archaeology to the larger field of world archaeology have been inadequately recognized. If so, this is probably because there have been relatively few archaeologists working in South America outside of Peru and recent advances in knowledge in other parts of the continent are only beginning to enter larger archaeological discourse. Many ideas of and about South American archaeology held by scholars from outside the area are going to change irrevocably with the appearance of the present volume. Not only does the Handbook of South American Archaeology (HSAA) provide immense and broad information about ancient South America, the volume also showcases the contributions made by South Americans to social theory. Moreover, one of the merits of this volume is that about half the authors (30) are South Americans, and the bibliographies in their chapters will be especially useful guides to Spanish and Portuguese literature as well as to the latest research. It is inevitable that the HSAA will be compared with the multi-volume Handbook of South American Indians (HSAI), with its detailed descriptions of indigenous peoples of South America, that was organized and edited by Julian Steward. Although there are heroic archaeological essays in the HSAI, by the likes of Junius Bird, Gordon Willey, John Rowe, and John Murra, Steward states frankly in his introduction to Volume Two that “arch- ology is included by way of background” to the ethnographic chapters.
 

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Contents

Continental Introduction
3
Profiles in Pleistocene History
29
Chinchorro Culture Pioneers of the Coast of the Atacama Desert
45
Early Occupations in the Southern Cone
59
The Process of Sedentism in Northwestern South America
79
Central Andean Environments
93
Plant Domestication and the Shift to Agriculture in the Andes
105
Animal Domestication in South America
121
Andean Urbanism
633
The Tupi Expansion
659
Life on the Move Bioarchaeological Contributions to the Study of Migration and Diaspora Communities in the Andes
671
Chavin de Huantar and Its Sphere of Influence
681
The Mochicas
707
Wari and Tiwanaku International Identities in the Central Andean Middle Horizon
731
Between Horizons Diverse Configurations of Society and Power in the Late PreHispanic Central Andes
761
The Chimu Empire
783

High Elevation Foraging Societies
131
Early Fishing Societies in Western South America
145
Amazonia The Historical Ecology of a Domesticated Landscape
157
The Archaeology of Agriculture in Ancient Amazonia
185
Agricultural Earthworks on the French Guiana Coast
217
The Pampas and Campos of South America
235
15 PreColumbian Mound Complexes in the Upano River Valley Lowland Ecuador
263
The Archaeology of the Guianas An Overview
279
Barrancoid and Arauquinoid Mound Builders in Coastal Suriname
303
Sambaqui Shell Mound Societies of Coastal Brazil
319
19 The Nonagricultural Chiefdoms of Marajo Island
339
Ecology Ceramic Chronology and Distribution Longterm History and Political Change in the Amazonian Floodplain
359
Chiefdoms of Southwestern Colombia
381
Late PreHispanic Chiefdoms of Northern Colombia and the Formation of Anthropogenic Landscapes
405
The Prehistory of Venezuela Not Necessarily an Intermediate Area
429
The Ecuadorian Formative
459
Early Regional Polities of Coastal Ecuador
489
Late PreHispanic Polities of Coastal Ecuador
505
Late PreHispanic Chiefdoms of Highland Ecuador
527
The Formative Period in the Titicaca Basin
545
29 Paracas and Nasca Regional Cultures on the South Coast of Peru
563
Social Landscapes in PreInca Northwestern Argentina
587
Early Cultural Complexity on the Coast of Peru
607
The Inca Empire
809
The Inca Khipu KnottedCord Record Keeping in the Andes
831
Experiencing Inca Domination in Northwestern Argentina and the Southern Andes
845
Interzonal Relationships in Ecuador
865
Cultural Boundaries and Crossings Ecuador and Peru
889
45 Chachapoyas Cultural Development at an Andean Cloud Forest Crossroads
903
The Llanos de Mojos
927
Amazonian Mosaics Identity Interaction and Integration in the Tropical Forest
941
The Archaeology of Northern Chile
963
Interaction and Social Fields in San Pedro de Atacama Northern Chile
979
Prehistoric Funeral Practices in the Brazilian Amazon The Maraca Urns
1005
Ancestor Images in the Andes
1027
Trophy HeadTaking and Human Sacrifice in Andean South America
1047
Archaeology Globalization and the Nation Appropriating the Past in Ecuador
1063
Cultural Heritage Management in Peru Current and Future Challenges
1073
The Bennett Monolith Archaeological Patrimony and Cultural Restitution in Bolivia
1089
Modernity and Politics in Colombian Archaeology
1103
From the Erasure to the Rewriting of Indigenous Pasts The Troubled Life of Archaeology in Uruguay
1115
Public Archaeology and Management of the Brazilian ArchaeologicalCultural Heritage
1127
Conclusion
1137
Index
1159
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