Polygraphs in the Workplace: Hearing Before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session ... June 19, 1987, Volume 4
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1987 - Electronic books - 181 pages
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Abrams abuse accuracy accurate administered agencies allow American answer applicants asked Association believe bill carrier cause Chairman checks Committee companies concern conducted Congress crime criminal deception decisions Defense Department detect determine device drivers drug effective employee theft employment evidence example false Federal guilty hearing hiring House Human important individuals industry innocent internal involved issue Labor law enforcement legislation licensing lie detector losses machine manager Michigan million Office operators percent person personnel police polygraph examinations polygraph testing positives practice preemployment present private sector problem prohibit protect questions railroad reasons record regulations Representatives require Resources response scientific screening Senator Senator Thurmond serious setting specific standards statement subjects suspects technique testimony Thank tion tool trucking truth United validity voice workers workplace York
Page 98 - ... to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, to provide safeguards against unreasonable profits or unreasonable rates of commissions or other charges, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest...
Page 23 - We think the systolic blood pressure deception test has not yet gained such standing and scientific recognition among physiological and psychological authorities as would justify the courts in admitting expert testimony deduced from the discovery, development, and experiments thus far made.
Page 175 - Privacy, Polygraphs, and Employment" reached a reasoned conclusion which is still valid today: Compulsory submission to a polygraph test is an affront to the integrity of the human personality that is unconscionable in a society which values the retention of individual's privacy. Employers have a multitude of less objectionable resources at their disposal for investigating applicants' backgrounds and employees
Page 141 - ... (FBI Polygraph Regulation 13-22.2(2), 1980, as cited in OTA Study, p. 99). The risks which the inaccuracy of the polygraph pose to innocent and truthful workers are exacerbated by the bias of the polygraphers who work for private employers. Professor Lawrence Taylor of the Gonzaga University School of Law describes the bias problem: Polygraphists are motivated to serve their paying clients. Since clients have an interest in identifying guilty suspects, the polygraphers must expect to uncover...
Page 148 - On the Fallibility of Lie Detection," Law and Society Review 17:84-104, 1982. Kubis, JF, "Comparison of Voice Analysis and Polygraph as Lie Detection Procedures," Technical Report No. LWL-CR-03B70, by Joseph F. Kubis, Fordham University, to US Army Land Warfare Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., 20015— (Final Report Contract No. DAAD05-72-C-0217). Lykken, DT, "A Tremor In The Blood: Uses and Abuses of The Lie Detector" (New York, McGraw-Hill, 1981). Lykken, DT, "Detecting Deception In 1984,"...
Page 32 - Constitution. Those powers which are not expressly delegated to the Federal Government are reserved to the States.
Page 1 - lie detector', neither machine nor human. People have been deceived by a myth that a metal box in the hands of an investigator can detect truth or falsehood.
Page 49 - The polygraph is valuable to the business community in helping to combat employee theft and thereby hold down the costs of consumer goods. According to the US Chamber of Commerce, business executives view employee theft as their most serious crime problem. The Fireman's Fund Insurance Co. estimates that one-third of all business failures are caused by employee theft. Estimates of the cost of economic crime against business, including employee theft, range from $67 billion to $200 billion annually....