Advanced Stellar Astrophysics

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 16, 1998 - Science - 480 pages
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In the past two decades, scientists have made remarkable progress in understanding stars. This graduate-level textbook provides a systematic, self-contained and lucid introduction to the physical processes and fundamental equations underlying all aspects of stellar astrophysics. The timely volume provides authoritative astronomical discussions as well as rigorous mathematical derivations and illuminating explanations of the physical concepts involved. In addition to traditional topics such as stellar interiors and atmospheres, the reader is introduced to stellar winds, mass accretion, nuclear astrophysics, weak interactions, novae, supernovae, pulsars, neutron stars and black holes. A concise introduction to general relativity is also included. At the end of each chapter, exercises and helpful hints are provided to test and develop the understanding of the student. As the first advanced textbook on stellar astrophysics for nearly three decades, this long-awaited volume provides a thorough introduction for graduate students and an up-to-date review for researchers.
 

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Contents

Star formation and stellar evolution an overview
1
12 The HertzsprungRussell HR diagram
3
13 Spectroscopic binary stars
8
14 Star formation
15
15 Stellar evolution
19
16 Starforming regions and very lowmass stars
27
Introduction to the physics of stellar interiors and the equations of stellar structure
36
22 Hydrostatic equilibrium
38
67 Carbon oxygen and silicon burning
227
68 Neutroncapture nucleosynthesis
229
Weak interactions in stellar interiors
236
72 Solar neutrinos
237
73 Neutrino emission and stellar evolution
240
74 Weak interactions in presupernova stars supernovae and neutron stars
242
75 Weakinteraction decay rates and cross sections
246
76 Neutrino mass and solar neutrinos
256

23 The photon gas and radiative transfer
44
24 Electronscattering opacity
47
25 Convective energy transport
50
26 Hydrogen and helium burning
52
27 The structures of mainsequence stars
54
28 Polytropes
57
29 Numerical solutions of the equations of stellar interiors
59
Statistical physics
63
32 Quantum statistics
66
33 Thermodynamic functions of atomic and fermion gases
77
34 Ionization equilibrium
88
35 Molecules
90
36 Reaction equilibrium
98
37 Imperfect gases
103
38 The Boltzmann equation and transport coefficients in a gas
107
Absorption processes
124
42 Line widths caused by spontaneous emission
127
43 Einstein coefficients of absorption and emission
128
44 Timedependent perturbation theory
131
45 Calculation of absorption cross sections and radiative lifetimes
140
46 Boundfree absorption
147
47 Freefree absorption
151
48 Stellar opacities
158
Stellar atmospheres convective envelopes and stellar winds
161
52 The Eddington approximation
162
53 Line broadening by the Doppler effect
165
54 The Voigt line profile
167
55 The equation of radiative transfer for spectralline radiation
169
56 Convective envelopes
172
57 Stellar winds
180
58 Molecularline emission from stellar winds
183
Thermonuclear reactions and nucleosynthesis
192
62 The penetration factor
198
63 Scattering and resonant reactions
206
64 Nuclear energy levels
212
65 Helium burning
224
66 Nucleosynthesis during hydrogenburning stages
225
Stellar stability and hydrodynamics
260
82 Evolution to the redgiant branch and thermonuclear runaways
267
83 Nonradial oscillations
272
84 Stellar hydrodynamics
274
85 Helioseismology and stellar seismology
277
Binary stars mass accretion stellar rotation and meridional circulation
280
92 Mass accretion
285
93 Stellar rotation
293
94 Meridional circulation
296
Stellar magnetic fields
302
102 Hydrostatic equilibrium in the presence of strong magnetic fields
306
103 Magnetohydrodynamic waves
309
104 Dynamo magnetic fields
313
105 Pulsar magnetic fields
317
White dwarfs novae and supernovae
325
112 Novae
335
113 Supernovae
339
General relativity
359
122 Riemannian geometry
360
123 The Einstein equations
366
124 The spherically symmetric gravitational field
369
125 Gravitational radiation
375
Neutron stars and black holes
385
132 Black holes
398
133 Compact xray sources
405
134 Accretion onto neutron stars and white dwarfs
415
135 Accretion disks surrounding black holes
418
136 Xray pulsar spinup
427
Physical and astronomical constants
434
Further comments on the Dirac equation
435
Mathematical appendix
438
Polytropes and the isothermal gas sphere
447
Solutions to selected problems
451
References
472
Index
479
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B.V. Somov
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