## PLANE AND SOLID GEOMETRY |

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### Common terms and phrases

ABCD altitude angles equal apothem base bisect called centre chord circumference circumscribed circle circumscribed polygon coincide common cone consequently corresponding cosec Cosine Cotang cubic cylinder decimal denote diameter dicular distance divided draw drawn equally distant equation exterior angles feet figure frustum give given angle given line greater hence hypotenuse inches included angle inscribed circle intersection less logarithm middle point multiplied number of sides opposite parallelogram parallelopipedon pendicular perimeter perpen perpendicular plane MN polyedral angle polyedron prism PROBLEM proportion pyramid quadrant quadrilateral radii radius ratio rectangle regular inscribed regular polygon respectively equal right angles right-angled triangle Scholium secant sector similar similar triangles Sine slant height solid solve the triangle sphere spherical triangle square straight line subtract suppose surface Tang tangent THEOREM three sides triangle ABC volume

### Popular passages

Page 35 - If two triangles have the three sides of the one equal to the three sides of the other, each to each, the triangles are congruent.

Page 80 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles. A D A' Hyp. In triangles ABC and A'B'C', To prove AABC A A'B'C' A'B' x A'C ' Proof. Draw the altitudes BD and B'D'.

Page 139 - If a straight line is perpendicular to each of two straight lines at their point of intersection, it is perpendicular to the plane of those lines.

Page 17 - The sum of all the angles of a polygon is equal to twice as many right angles as the polygon has sides, less two.

Page 176 - The radius of a sphere is a straight line, drawn from the centre to any point of the...

Page 182 - Every section of a sphere, made by a plane, is a circle.

Page 28 - If two triangles have two sides of the one equal respectively to two sides of the other, but the included angle of the first greater than the included angle of the second, then the third side of the first is greater than the third side of the second. Given A ABC and A'B'C ' with Proof STATEMENTS Apply A A'B'C ' to A ABC so that A'B

Page 165 - ... bases simply : hence two prisms of the same altitude are to each other as their bases. For a like reason, two prisms of the same base are to each other as their altitudes.

Page 29 - ... to two sides of the other, but the third side of the first greater than the third side of the second, the angle opposite the third side of the first is.

Page 13 - If equals be added to unequals, the wholes are unequal. V. If equals be taken from unequals, the remainders are unequal. VI. Things which are double of the same, are equal to one another.