Leviatan

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CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, Jan 21, 2017 - 150 pages
Leviat n, o La materia, forma y poder de una rep blica eclesi stica y civil (en el original en ingl s: Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil), com nmente llamado Leviat n, es el libro m s conocido del fil sofo pol tico ingl s Thomas Hobbes. Publicado en 1651, su t tulo hace referencia al monstruo b blico Leviat n, de poder descomunal ("Nadie hay tan osado que lo despierte... De su grandeza tienen temor los fuertes... No hay sobre la Tierra quien se le parezca, animal hecho exento de temor. Menosprecia toda cosa alta; es rey sobre todos los soberbios"). La obra de Hobbes, marcadamente materialista, puede entenderse como una justificaci n del Estado absoluto, a la vez que como la proposici n te rica del contrato social, y establece una doctrina de derecho moderno como base de las sociedades y de los gobiernos leg timos.

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About the author (2017)

Thomas Hobbes was born in Malmesbury, the son of a wayward country vicar. He was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and was supported during his long life by the wealthy Cavendish family, the Earls of Devonshire. Traveling widely, he met many of the leading intellectuals of the day, including Francis Bacon, Galileo Galilei, and Rene Descartes. As a philosopher and political theorist, Hobbes established---along with, but independently of, Descartes---early modern modes of thought in reaction to the scholasticism that characterized the seventeenth century. Because of his ideas, he was constantly in dispute with scientists and theologians, and many of his works were banned. His writings on psychology raised the possibility (later realized) that psychology could become a natural science, but his theory of politics is his most enduring achievement. In brief, his theory states that the problem of establishing order in society requires a sovereign to whom people owe loyalty and who in turn has duties toward his or her subjects. His prose masterpiece Leviathan (1651) is regarded as a major contribution to the theory of the state.

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