Thomas Hobbes was the first great English political philosopher, and his book Leviathan was one of the first truly modern works of philosophy. He has long had the reputation of being a pessimistic atheist, who saw human nature as inevitably evil and proposed a totalitarian state to subdue human failings.
In this study, Richard Tuck dispels these myths, revealing Hobbes to have been passionately concerned with the refutation of scepticism in both sciences and ethics, and to have developed a theory of knowledge which rivalled that of Descartes in its importance for the formation of modern philosophy.
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Interpretations of Hobbes
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ancient Anglican argument Aristotelian atheism believed C. B. Macpherson Cavendish century Christian Church citizens Cive civil claim common commonwealth defend Descartes Descartes's Devonshire doctrines Earl of Newcastle early Elements of Law Elements of Philosophy England English ethical example external world fact fideism friends fundamental Galileo's Grotius Grotius's heresy Hobbes argued Hobbes's philosophy Hobbes's political Hobbes's theory human humanists idea intellectual John Selden judgement Justus Lipsius kind later Latin laws of nature Leviathan Leviathan ch liberty Lipsius Locke London manuscript matter Mersenne metaphysics modern Montaigne moral moral relativism natural law natural rights objects Oxford particularly Past Masters Peter Singer political theory preservation Pufendorf Quentin Skinner reason relativism religion religious Richard Tuck right of nature sceptical Scriptures self-preservation sense seventeenth seventeenth-century Ship Money simply social sovereign Strauss survival theorists things Thomas Hobbes thought tion Toennies traditional translation writers