The Transition in Agriculture

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J. Murray, 1906 - Agriculture - 354 pages
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Page 226 - Trade may prescribe at least fourteen days' notice of such intended increase, stating in such notice the date on which the altered rate or charge is to take effect; and no such increase in the published tolls, rates, or charges of the railway company shall have effect unless and until the fourteen days' notice required under this section has been given.
Page 236 - Lecouteux, when professor of rural economy at the Institute, "3,000,000 are on the pauper roll, exempt, that is, from personal taxation"; while of the remainder, at the period of which this authority speaks, 600,000 proprietors paid contributions to the State amounting to only five centimes each. "Getting rid of one order of landlords and their rents," adds M. Lecouteux, "they have subjected themselves to another, tho invisible, order — the mortgagees, and to their heavier and more rigid rents.
Page 348 - Council) of the one part, and of (herein-after called the tenant) of the other part, whereby the...
Page 260 - Act (a). (2.) Where the county council are of opinion that any persons desirous of themselves cultivating small holdings are unable to buy on the terms fixed by this Act, or where the land has been hired by the council on lease or otherwise, the council may, in the case of any small holding which either does not exceed fifteen acres in extent, or if exceeding fifteen acres is of the annual value for the purpose of the income tax not exceeding fifteen pounds, instead of offering it for sale, offer...
Page 236 - The book is too monotonously painful to read except as a task — the pictures of the mean, sordid lives of the main part of the peasant population — the dogged way in which they pursue the wretched objects of their existence — ie the earning and hoarding " des petits sous dans de vieux bas...
Page 262 - Commissioners reported, in 1834, that " the immediate advantages of allotments are so great that, " if there were no other mode of supplying them, we think it " might be worth while, as a temporary measure and as a " means of smoothing the road to improvement, to propose " some general plan for providing them.
Page 235 - ... severe as it is unproductive. . . . The condition of agriculture brought about by our subdivision of the land, and the distance from each other of the morsels belonging to one owner, condemns a man to work such as animals and machines ought to execute, and not only reduces him to the level of a beast, but curses the soil with sterility ; the consequence is that 3,000,000 of the small proprietors are on the pauper list of France.
Page 234 - Even again a property of 20 to 25 acres may be represented by 30, 40, or 50 small patches and parcels scattered over an entire commune ... In the cultivation of these scattered fragments of land the practice followed by successive generations of peasant proprietors of France has been to produce a little of everything — vines, vegetables, corn, oats, barley, hemp, etc. — on the same soil irrespective of its suitability for such crops, the great idea of the cultivator being that he should avoid...
Page 54 - It is exactly these with which the author deals, and although it is in no sense an exhaustive treatise, a general outline has been given of all the recent investigations which have opened up so many soil problems, and thrown new light on difficulties that aie experienced in practice."— Ganicners Chronicle.
Page 242 - Nominally, the peasant proprietors who constitute so important a section of the Danish people are ' freeholders ' ; practically, they are saddled with a mortgage debt estimated at about 60,000,000, and representing 55 per cent.

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