States of Consciousness: Models for Psychology and Psychotherapy

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 25, 2007 - Psychology - 261 pages
0 Reviews

Consciousness has always been a particularly elusive concept and one vigorously argued in the scientific community. This new volume takes on the task of defining normal and altered consciousness in their most relevant clinical terms.

In States of Consciousness, Andrzej Kokoszka expands on the pioneering work of J.H. Jackson, offering contemporary models for studying consciousness as it applies to both pathology and normal altered states, e.g., relaxation, sleep, meditation, and hypnosis. He makes clear distinctions between the neuroscientific and psychiatric components of consciousness; at the same time, his theories are rooted firmly in the biopsychosocial approach.

Highlights of the coverage:

-Historical overview of studies of consciousness and its altered states

-Evolutionary/dynamic model of consciousness and information processing, based on the structure and principles of cell behavior

-Comparison of altered states of consciousness in healthy persons and patients with schizophrenia

-New perspectives on the role of consciousness in pathology

-Case illustration of altered states in a patient with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, integrating neurobiological, cognitive-behavioral, and psychodynamic data

-Applications of the model in clinical practice

States of Consciousness lends itself to theoretical and practical, research and classroom use. It is relevant to a range of scientists and practitioners in cognition, clinical psychology, social psychology, and neuropsychology The book’s scope and the author’s attention to detail make it a work of great versatility, much like consciousness itself.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

General Presumptions and Concepts Referring to Consciousness and Its Altered States Preface
1
1 Philosophical Presumptions
2
2 Consciousness SelfConsciousness and Awareness
4
3 The Notion of Altered States of Consciousness and Other Terms of Similar Meaning
5
4 Superficially and Profoundly Altered States of Consciousness
8
Theoretical Inspirations Preface
10
12 History of Misperception of Jacksonian Theory by Psychiatry
12
132 Instinctual Sources of Psychic Activity
14
42 Conception of Permanent Evolution and Dissolution According to the Metabolism of Information
107
5 An EvolutionaryPsychodynamic Model of the Main States of Consciousness
109
511 The Psychology of the Ego
111
513 The Psychology of the Self
112
515 Regressive Phenomena
115
52 Structural Relations of Mental Personality in Freuds Model of Psychical Apparatus
118
53 An Integrated EvolutionaryPsychodynamic Model of the Main States of Consciousness
120
54 An EvolutionaryPsychodynamic Model of Information Metabolism
124

133 Dynamic Function of Emotions
15
134 The Psychophysiology Theory
16
135 The Psychopathology Theory
17
136 Schema of Human Psychical Activity
18
Metabolism of Information and Psychopathology of Values Experiencing
20
22 Metabolism of Information
21
222 Basic Functions and Structures
22
223 A Model of Information Metabolism
24
23 The Axiological Approach To Psychiatry According to Antoni Kepiński
28
24 To Understand in Order to Raise the Spirit
30
25 Conclusions
32
4 Mindfulness
34
5 Neuroimaging of States of Consciousness
35
The Variety of Subjective Experience Preface
38
11 Hallucination Occurrence
39
12 MysticalLike States and Peak Experiences
40
13 HypnoticLike Experiences
41
14 NearDeath Experiences and OutofBody Experiences
42
151 States of Consciousness Subjectively Considered as Unusual
43
16 Implications of Research on ASC Occurrence for the Psychology of Consciousness
45
21 Profoundly Altered States of Consciousness
47
23 The Comparison of the Experiences Accompanying SASC and PASC
54
24 Conclusions
57
Research on Altered States of Consciousness Main Results and General Theories Preface
61
1 Review of Scientific Findings
62
114 Period of Interdisciplinary Investigations of Altered States of Consciousness
63
12 Conclusions from Researchers Investigating Altered States of Consciousness Mechanisms
64
122 Sensory Deprivation
65
123 Hypnosis
66
125 States of Consciousness in Sleep
67
127 Neurological Findings
68
212 Karl Jaspers
69
213 Sigmund Freud
71
214 CarlGustav Jung
72
22 Contemporary Theories and Models of Consciousness
73
224 Weilss Drive to ASC
74
226 Jayness Concept of Bicameral Mind
75
228 Psychodynamic Approach
76
2210 Other Theories
78
3 Conclusions from the Review of Existing Data and Theories of States of Consciousness and Altered States
80
Models of the States of Consciousness and Information Metabolism Preface
82
112 Conceptual Approach to Consciousness
83
2 Theoretical Presumptions
86
212 Justification of the Information Metabolism Model
90
213 Meaning of Information
91
31 The Basic RestActivity Cycle
92
311 The Data Against BRAC
93
312 Why a Hypothesis about Cyclical Activity of Imagination Should Not Yet Be Abandoned
94
314 Empirical Data Supporting the Protective Mechanisms of the BRAC and of the Information Metabolism
97
32 An Integrated Model of the Main Everyday States of Consciousness
100
4 An Evolutionary Leveled Model of the Main States of Consciousness
102
41 The Main Levels of Psychical Organization
103
411 Proposals of Terminological Order
105
413 Toward an Integration of Contemporary Knowledge on Consciousness
106
55 Hypothesis of MindfulnessHypofrontality as the Means for the Achievement of the Higher States of Consciousness
125
56 Integrative Capacities of the NeoJacksonian Model of the Main States of Consciousness
126
Its Features and Disorders
129
623 Neurotic Personality
131
632 Neurotic Symptoms
133
633 Psychotic Symptoms
134
634 Symptoms of Affective Disorders
138
7 Cognitive Extensions of the Model of States of Consciousness to the Main Psychopathological Conditions
140
71 Outline of Rationale for the Diagnosis of Cognitive Structures in Clinical Disorders
141
712 Diagnosis of Personality and Personality Disorders
142
Applications and Extensions of the Models Preface
143
12 Relaxation as a Cultural Protective Mechanism of the BRAC and Information Metabolism
144
131 Relaxation States
145
132 Relaxation Techniques
147
14 Practical Conclusions
148
16 Application of the Evolutionary Model in Relaxation
149
162 Hypnosis
151
2 A Rationale for an Evolutionary Model of Value Experience
152
22 Philosophical Description of Value Experience
153
223 The Meaning of Philosophical Analysis of Value Experience for Psychology
155
231 Maslows Needs as Psychological Experience
156
25 Threatening Simplifications
160
252 The Tendency to Concentrate on the Highest Evolutionary Level
161
272 The Corrective Axiological Experience and the Corrective Emotional Experience
163
273 The Concept of Corrective Axiological Experience
164
274 The Recent Development of the Concept of Corrective Experience of Value
165
3 Information Metabolism in Interpersonal Contacts
166
32 PsychodynamicCognitive Model of Information Metabolism
167
33 The Strategy of Understanding the Experiences of the Other Person According to the Model of Information Metabolism
169
Information Metabolism in the Framework of Exact Sciences ANDRZEJ BIELECKI Preface
170
1 Introduction
171
2 Mathematical Computer Science and Cybernetic Models
173
3 Possibility of Modeling the Higher Mental Functions a TopDown Approach
177
31 Physical and Topological Aspects of the Information Metabolism Theory
178
32 Dynamics of Psyche in the Light of the Dynamical Systems Theory
184
4 Neuronal System for Consciousness Dynamics
191
5 Information Metabolism Structures
195
6 Integrated Model of Mental Organization
205
7 Summary
206
References
211
Metabolism of Information as a Model for Multiaxial Psychotherapeutic Diagnosis Preface
216
11 SelfOrganizing and Dynamically Changing Structure of Mental Processes
217
12 Information Metabolism as a Dynamical Systems
219
14 Assessment of Information Metabolism as a Potential Psychotherapeutic Diagnostic Supplement to DSMIV
221
Integration of the Current Knowledge on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Case Study
222
22 Current Knowledge on Mechanisms of Pathological Responses to Traumatic Events
223
23 An Application of the Information Metabolism Model to a Comprehensive Synthesis of the Data on PostTraumatic Stress Disorder
224
24 An Application of the Information Metabolism Model to a Multiaxial Psychotherapeutic DiagnosisCase Study
226
25 A Case Illustration of the Current Findings Dealing with PostTraumatic Stress Disorder
229
3 Conclusions
230
Ineffable Features of States of Consciousness Modalities
231
References
233
Index
255
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2007)

Dr. Kokoszka is currently the head of the Department of Psychiatry at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland and author of more than ten books in Polish. He is a psychiatris, psychologist, psychotherapist, and group analyst trained at the Institute of Group Analysis in Heidelberg, Germany; cognitive-behavioral therapists with the certificate of Italian Association of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy and has been a visiting fellow at University of Oxford, University of California at Irvine, Cleveland State University, and Wayne State University in Detroit.

Bibliographic information