Religion and the Cold War: A Global Perspective

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Philip Emil Muehlenbeck
Vanderbilt University Press, 2012 - History - 314 pages
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The lines of armed conflict, and the catastrophic perils they portended, were shaped with shocking clarity in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Less clear is the role religious ideology played in the conflicts that defined the Cold War era. All too often, beliefs held sacred by some became tools to motivate action or create friction. In Religion and the Cold War, Philip Muehlenbeck assembles an international team of specialists to explore how religion informed the ideological and military clashes across the globe in the second half of the twentieth century.

Students and scholars will find in this volume a level of comprehensiveness rarely achieved in Cold War studies. Each chapter reveals that the power and influence of ideas are just as important as military might in the struggles between superpowers--and that few ideas, then as now, carry as much force as religious ideology. As Muehlenbeck and his contributors demonstrate, no area of the world, and no religious tenet, was safe from the manipulations of a powerful set of players focused solely on their own sphere of influence.


Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction: The Religious Cold War
Andrew Preston

An Early Attempt to Rip the Iron Curtain: The Pomak Question, 1945-1947
Argyris Mamarelis

The Western Allies, German Churches, and the Emerging Cold War in Germany, 1948-1952
JonDavid K. Wyneken

From Sermon to Strategy: Religious Influence on the Formation and Implementation of US Foreign Policy in the Early Cold War
Jonathan P. Herzog

Hewlett Johnson: Britain's Red Dean and the Cold War
David Ayers

Rising to the Occasion: The Role of American Missionaries and Korean Pastors in Resisting Communism throughout the Korean War
Kai Yin Allison Haga

The Campaign of Truth Program: US Propaganda in Iraq during the Early 1950s
Ahmed Khalid al-Rawi

Religion and Cold War Politics in Ethiopia
Wudu Tafete Kassu

Soviet Policies toward Islam: Domestic and International Considerations
Eren Murat Tasar

Bosnian Muslims during the Cold War: Their Identity between Domestic and Foreign Policies
Aydın Babuna

Religion, Power, and Legitimacy in Ngo Dinh Diem's Republic of Vietnam
Jessica M. Chapman

Brazil: Nation and Churches during the Cold War
Iain S. Maclean

Service with Body and Soul: The Institutionalized Atheism of the Security Service Officers in Communist Poland, 1944-1989
Leszek Murat

Political Islam, the Jamaat-e-Islami, and Pakistan's Role in the Afghan-Soviet War, 1979-1988
Zahid Shahab Ahmed
 

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Contents

The Pomak Question 19451947
1
2 The Western Allies German Churches and the Emerging Cold War in Germany 19481952
18
Religious Influence on the Formation and Implementation of US Foreign Policy in the Early Cold War
44
Britains Red Dean and the Cold War
65
The Role of American Missionaries and Korean Pastors in Resisting Communism throughout the Korean War
88
US Propaganda in Iraq during the Early 1950s
113
7 Religion and Cold War Politics in Ethiopia
139
Domestic and International Considerations
158
Their Identity between Domestic and Foreign Policies
182
10 Religion Power and Legitimacy in Ngo Dinh Diems Republic of Vietnam
206
Nation and Churches during the Cold War
229
The Institutionalized Atheism of the Security Service Officers in Communist Poland 19441989
247
13 Political Islam the JamaateIslami and Pakistans Role in the AfghanSoviet War 19791988
275
Contributors
297
Index
301
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