Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

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Leila Haaparanta, Heikki J. Koskinen
Oxford University Press, USA, Jul 18, 2012 - Philosophy - 489 pages
This edited volume is a comprehensive presentation of views on the relations between metaphysics and logic from Aristotle through twentieth century philosophers who contributed to the return of metaphysics in the analytic tradition. The collection combines interest in logic and its history with interest in analytical metaphysics and the history of metaphysical thought. By so doing, it adds both to the historical understanding of metaphysical problems and to contemporary research in the field. Throughout the volume, essays focus on metaphysica generalis, or the systematic study of the most general categories of being. Beginning with Aristotle and his Categories , the volume goes on to trace metaphyscis and logic through the late ancient and Arabic traditions, examining the views of Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham. Moving into the early modern period, contributors engage with Leibniz's metaphysics, Kant's critique of metaphysics, the relation between logic and ontology in Hegel, and Bolzano's views. Subsequent chapters address: Charles S. Peirce's logic and metaphysics; the relevance of set-theory to metaphysics; Meinong's theory of objects; Husserl's formal ontology; early analytic philosophy; C.I. Lewis and his relation to Russell; and the relations between Frege, Carnap, and Heidegger. Surveying metaphysics through to the contemporary age, essays explore W.V. Quine's attitude towards metaphysics; Wilfrid Sellars's relation to antidescriptivism as it connects to Kripke's; the views of Putnam and Kaplan; Peter F. Strawson's and David M. Armstrong's metaphysics; Trope theory; and its relation to Popper's conception of three worlds. The volume ends with a chapter on transcendental philosophy as ontology. In each chapter, contributors approach their topics not merely in an historical and exegetical fashion, but also engage critically with the thought of the philosophers whose work they discuss, offering synthesis and original philosophical thought in the volume, in addition to very extensive and well-informed analysis and interpretation of important philosophical texts. The volume will serve as an essential reference for scholars of metaphysics and logic.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Chapter 1 Being Categories and Universal Reference in Aristotle
17
Before and After Avicenna
36
Chapter 3 The Metaphysics of the Categories in John Duns Scotus
62
Chapter 4 Ockham on Being
78
Chapter 5 Leibniz and Ockham on the Language of Thought or How the True Metaphysics Is Derived from the True Logic
99
Chapter 6 The Critique of Pure Reason as Metaphysics
119
Chapter 7 The Relation of Logic to Ontology in Hegel
145
Chapter 12 Logic and Metaphysics in Early Analytic Philosophy
257
C I Lewis Against Russell
293
Frege Between Carnap and Heidegger
319
Chapter 15 Quine Predication and the Categories of Being
338
Chapter 16 Wilfrid Sellarss AntiDescriptivism
358
Chapter 17 Strawsons Descriptive Metaphysics
391
Chapter 18 D M Armstrong and the Recovery of Ontology
420
Chapter 19 On Tropic Realism
439

Metaphysics Logic and Truth
167
Pragmatism Logic and Metaphysics
191
Chapter 10 Georg Cantors Paradise Metaphysics and Husserlian Logic
217
The Objects of Meinong and Husserl
241

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About the author (2012)


Leila Haaparanta is Professor in the Department of History and Philosophy at the University of Tampere.

Heikki J. Koskinen is Research Doctor at the Academy of Finland.

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