A Vedic Reader for Students: Containing Thirty Hymns of the Rigveda in the Original Saṃhitā and Pada Texts, with Transliteration, Translation, Explanatory Notes, Introduction, Vocabulary
The Reader by A. A. Macdonell is meant to be a companion volume to his Vedic Grammer for Students. It contains thirty hymns selected from the Rgveda primarily for students who while acquainted with classical sanskrit are beginners of vedic lacking the aid of a teacher with adequate knowledge of the earliest period of the language and literature of India. In conjunction with the author`s Vedic Grammar the reader aims at supplying all that is required for the complete understanding of the selections. A copious index has been added for the purpose of enabling the student of utilize to the full the summary of Vedic Philosophy which this book contains.
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abhi abode accent addressed adhi Agni Asvins asya Avesta bestow born Brahmanas Brhaspati called cows darkness Dawn deities demons deva dha put divine dwell epithet Fathers final vowel gods golden heaven and earth hymns immortal Indra inst invoked Jagati Karmadharaya Maruts meaning mentioned Metre metrically lengthened Mitra Mitra-Varuna oblation Pada text Padapatha Parjanya path Pitaras Pragrhya praise priest Purusa Pusan rain Rbhus Rigveda root ruddy Rudra sacrifice Samhita text Sandhi Sanskrit Savitr Sayana seers sense shine sing Soma stanza steeds Surya Svarita syllable thee thou Tristubh Udatta Varuna Vedic verb viii Visnu visva Vrtra waters wealth word worship Yama Yaska yasya
Page xix - The idea is even found in more than one late passage that various deities are but different forms of a single divine being. This idea, however, never developed into monotheism, for none of the regular sacrifices in the Vedic period were offered to a single god.
Page xxiv - Panis ('niggards'), primarily foes of Indra, who, with the aid of the dog Sarama, tracks and releases the cows hidden by them. The second or lower class of demons are terrestrial goblins, enemies of men. By far the most common generic name for them is Raksas. They are nearly always mentioned in connexion with some god who destroys them. The much less common term...
Page xxvii - ... the father at its head, was the basis of society, and that women held a freer and more honoured position than in later times. Various crimes are mentioned, robbery, -especially of cattle, apparently being the commonest. Debt, chiefly .as a result of gambling, was known. Clothing consisted usually of an upper and a lower garment, which were made of sheep's wool. Bracelets, anklets, necklaces, and earrings were worn as ornaments. Men usually grew beards, but sometimes shaved. Food mainly -consisted...
Page xi - Rigveda to the oldest part of the Avesta, which can hardly date earlier than from about 800 BC That relationship is so close that the language of the Avesta, if it were known at a stage some five centuries earlier, could scarcely have differed at all from that of the Rigveda. Hence the Indians could not have separated from the Iranians much sooner than 1300 BC But, according to Prof. Jacobi, the separation took place before...