Treasure of the Land of Darkness: The Fur Trade and Its Significance for Medieval Russia
Treasure of the Land of Darkness traces the traffic in fur from the lands of the north, through the major trade centres of medieval Russia to the consumer markets of the world, stretching from western Europe to China. Professor Martin reconstructs the fur-trade network of each centre (including Kiev, Novgorod and Moscow) and examines the changes they experienced. She shows how aggressive principalities enhanced their political authority through manipulation of such factors as fur resources and trade routes: thus the mid-sixteenth-century supremacy of Muscovy was based upon both political advantage and monopolisation of the networks of the fur trade. Quantitative analysis of the available data substantiates this conclusion: control over the trade of those 'lands of darkness' mentioned in contemporary Islamic texts was of fundamental importance to the political development of medieval Russia.
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Baltic belka Beloozero Black Sea boyars Bulgar Bulgar merchants Byzantine Caspian commercial Crimean Crimean khanate dengas Dnepr Dokumenty Doronin Dvina land eleventh century ermine estates Fekhner fifteenth century fourteenth century fur export fur trade fur trade network ganzoi Golden Horde grand prince GVNP Hansa Istoriia Ivan Izvestiia Kazakova Kazan khanate Khazar Khoroshkevich Khvol'son Khwarezm Kiev Kievan Rus Kuchkin Leningrad Lesnikov lugra luxury fur Mongols Moscow Muscovite Muscovy's Muslim northeastern northern fur Novgorod Novgorodian boyars Novosel'tsev and Pashuto obzhas Ocherki Ottoman peasants Pechenegs Pechora percent pogosts political Polovtsy population Primary Chronicle PSRL region rent river Rostov Rostov-Suzdal rubles Rusi Russian sable Sarai Serbina silver squirrel pelts SSSR steppe Sudak Sukhona Sukhona river Suzdalian Syroechkovskii Tatars tenth century towns trade routes tribes tributaries tribute twelfth century upper Volga Ustiug Ustiuzhskii letopisnyi svod Vaga Vasilii Velikaia Vernadsky Vneshniaia torgovlia Voguly Volga river vols Zavoloch'e zemlia