Collective Action and Urban Poverty Alleviation: Community Organizations and the Struggle for Shelter in Manila
An estimated 600 million people now live in informal or 'squatter' settlements in the rapidly growing cities of the developing world. With such settlements often lacking basic necessities, there is an urgent need to address this urban crisis. Recently, innovative approaches have focused on the role of community-based organizations (CBOs) in setting up self-help and participatory programmes. This incisive book questions whether communities have the ability to organize, engage government and undertake major redevelopment. It also examines when and how mobilization of communities occurs and if such organizations possess any influence in the intensely political decision-making arena of urban land development. It is illustrated by a detailed analysis of the experience of CBOs in Manila, as the Philippine government has undertaken what is perhaps the most radical experiment in decentralized, participatory approaches to urban governance in the world. The book emphasizes the external conditions that influence patterns of collective action within communities and addresses issues such as the local political economy and the communities' place within the global economy.
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agenda agglomerations Aquino argues assistance barangay officials Berner CALABARZON capacity CBO federations CBOs and NGOs central chapter cities and municipalities city government civil society civil society participation CMP project community improvement community leaders community organizing community residents community-based collective action context Daang Hari decentralization democratic demolition development councils Dona Josefa Estates economic efforts elections engage eviction factors families formation global globalizing cities households housing identity impact implementation informal settlements informal settlers infrastructure interests issues landowners leadership lobbying low-income Makati Marcos mayor Metro Manila mobilization movement Naga City National Government Center Navotas NGOs and CBO NMMD participatory Pasay percent Philippine politics planning policies political activism political orientations politicians population Porto Alegre potential programs Quezon City recent relocation represent responsible role Rosas-Everlasting Sample survey SANLAKAS social capital socioeconomic state-community relations Table Tagalog tenure UDHA urban development Viloso Compound World Bank Zobel Street