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Administration adopted amendment appointed arsenal authority batteries Cabinet Cameron Captain Castle Pinckney chap Charleston Colonel command commissioners Committee compromise Confederacy Congress conspirators Constitution convention Davis December declared defense dispatch duty election evacuation Executive February Federal Floyd force Fort Monroe Fort Moultrie Fort Pickens Fort Sumter forts friends fugitive garrison Georgia platform Government Governor Pickens guns harbor Holt honor inauguration January January 11 Jefferson Jefferson Davis Legislature letter Lincoln Major Anderson March ment military Mississippi morning Morris Island Moultrie navy North officers opinion ordinance of secession party patriotic peace political present President Buchanan President-elect Presidential question rebel rebellion received reenforce reply Republican Scott secede secession Secretary Secretary of War Senate sent sentiment Seward Simon Cameron slave slavery Slemmer South Carolina Southern Springfield Sumter telegraph tion Toombs troops Union United Virginia vote Washington whole wrote
Page 338 - At the same time, the candid citizen must confess that if the policy of the government upon vital questions, affecting the whole people, is to be irrevocably fixed by decisions of the Supreme Court, the instant they are made, in ordinary litigation between parties in personal actions, the people will have ceased to be their own rulers, having to that extent practically resigned their government into the hands of that eminent tribunal.
Page 334 - The power confided to me, will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property, and places belonging to the government, and to collect the duties and imposts; but beyond what may be necessary for these objects, there will be no invasion -no using of force against, or among the people anywhere.
Page 344 - We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.
Page 332 - I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and the laws the Union is unbroken, and to the extent of my ability I shall take care, as the Constitution itself expressly enjoins upon me, that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States.
Page 332 - It follows from these views that no State upon its own mere motion can lawfully get out of the Union ; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void; and that acts of violence, within any State or States, against the authority of the United States, are insurrectionary or revolutionary, according to circumstances.
Page 33 - Again, in any law upon this subject, ought not all the safeguards of liberty known in civilized and humane jurisprudence to be introduced, so that a free man be not, in any case, surrendered as a slave? And might it not be well at the same time to provide by law for the enforcement of that clause in the Constitution which guarantees that " the citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States?
Page 335 - All profess to be content in the Union if all constitutional rights can be maintained. Is it true, then, that any right, plainly written in the Constitution, has been denied? I think not. Happily the human mind is so constituted that no party can reach to the audacity of doing this. Think, if you can, of a single instance in which a plainly written provision of the Constitution has ever been denied. If, by the mere force of numbers, a majority should deprive a minority of any clearly written constitutional...
Page 338 - And, while it is obviously possible that such decision may be erroneous in any given case, still the evil effect following it, being limited to that particular case, with the chance that it may be overruled and never become a precedent for other cases, can better be borne than could the evils of a different practice.
Page 336 - No foresight can anticipate nor any document of reasonable length contain express provisions for all possible questions. Shall fugitives from labor be surrendered by national or by State authority? The Constitution does not expressly say.