African democracies and African politics
Challenging orthodox views on contemporary African politics and democracy, M.A. Mohamed Salih offers a fresh approach to the topic, emphasising the role of ethnicity and religion, in particular that of minorities. His central theme is that government donors from Western nations have imposed Western style democracy in Africa, ignoring the indigenous politics of the region, often resulting in chaos. As a consequence many African societies are divided by ethnicity. Revealing how minorities are inevitably marginalised in all aspects of development and education, Salih shows how, in many instances, they are treated as enemies of the state, as are the opposition parties. He examines democracy and authoritarian development in a pan-African context and the democratic potential of political education, and provides a range of country-specific case-studies, including multi-party democracy in Sudan; democratising anarchy in Sierra Leone; religious violence in Obasanjo's Nigeria and ethnic federalism in Ethiopia.
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Ethnicity in Quasipolyarchies
Harnessing Authoritarian Development
The Potential Role of Democratic Political Education
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administrative African political Albert Margai alliance argued associations authoritarian authoritarian development Batwa Botswana cent chapter chiefs Christian citizens civil society civilian coalition colonial conflicts Congress consolidation Constitution Council countries created culture Democratic Party Democratic Unionist Party democratisation democratisation process dominant economic educational establishment elections EPRDF Ethiopia ethnic groups ethnically based forces Fulani human rights ical ideological independence institutions interests Islamic sharia laws Kamajor land leaders leadership Liberation majority ment military coup minority mobilisation modern modernisation Mohamed Salih Movement multi-party democracy Muslim National Islamic Front Nimeiri's non-democratic Nuba Mountains Ogoni one-party Oromo pastoralists People's Democratic policies political development political education political elite political organisation political parties polyarchy President programme regimes regional religious Representatives role Sadig Sierra Leone SLPP social socialist South Africa southern struggle Sudan Sudanese political Temne tion traditional transition tribal Umma Party Union UNIP violence vote Western Western-style Zambia ZANU-PF Zimbabwe