Climate, Affluence, and Culture
Everyone, everyday, everywhere has to cope with climatic cold or heat to satisfy survival needs, using money. This point of departure led to a decade of innovative research on the basis of the tenet that climate and affluence influence each other's impact on culture. Evert Van de Vliert discovered survival cultures in poor countries with demanding cold or hot climates, self-expression cultures in rich countries with demanding cold or hot climates, and easygoing cultures in poor and rich countries with temperate climates. These findings have implications for the cultural consequences of global warming and local poverty. Climate protection and poverty reduction are used in combination to sketch four scenarios for shaping cultures, from which the world community has to make a principal and principled choice soon.
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ÃÃÃp autocratic Belarus child labor climate and cash climate and income climatic context climatic demands climato-economic niches cold or hot colder winters cooperative enculturation country’s cultural adaptations demanding climates difﬁcult DR2 ¼ easygoing cultures easygoingness effect of colder enculturation Estonia extrinsic work motives Figure ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst gender global warming harsh harsher climates hot climates hot summers hotter summers human income per head inﬂuence Inglehart Joint effect Kazakhstan less levels Moldova money resources mortality salience multicollinearity multicollinearity VIFs needs for thermal nepotism one’s organizational outliers Cook’s Ds poorer and richer poorer countries precipitation Predictors reﬂect reported in Chapter richer countries self-expression culture selﬁsh signiﬁcant societies suicide rates survival cultures survival needs survival versus self-expression Tanzania temperate climates temperate summers thermal comfort tion Total R2 values and practices versus self-expression culture Vliert winters and hotter winters and summers World Economic Forum World Values Surveys