Gravity Interpretation: Fundamentals and Application of Gravity Inversion and Geological Interpretation

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 1, 2009 - Science - 395 pages
Gravity interpretation involves inversion of data into models, but it is more. Gravity interpretation is used in a “holistic” sense going beyond “inversion”. Inversion is like optimization within certain a priori assumptions, i.e., all anticipated models lie in a limited domain of the a priori errors. No source should exist outside the anticipated model volume, but that is never literally true. Interpretation goes beyond by taking “outside” possibilities into account in the widest sense. Any neglected possibility carries the danger of seriously affecting the interpretation. Gravity interpretation pertains to wider questions such as the shape of the Earth, the nature of the continental and oceanic crust, isostasy, forces and stresses, geol- ical structure, nding useful resources, climate change, etc. Interpretation is often used synonymously with modelling and inversion of observations toward models. Interpretation places the inversion results into the wider geological or economic context and into the framework of science and humanity. Models play a central role in science. They are images of phenomena of the physical world, for example, scale images or metaphors, enabling the human mind to describe observations and re- tionships by abstract mathematical means. Models served orientation and survival in a complex, partly invisible physical and social environment.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Fundamentals of Gravity Elements of Potential Theory
23
Observations and Field Activities
112
Gravity Anomalies and Disturbances Reductions and Analyses
151
Qualitative Interpretation
180
Quantitative Interpretation
233
Optimization and Inversion
271
Analytical Geometry
383
Index
387
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