Constructing Ottoman Beneficence: An Imperial Soup Kitchen in Jerusalem
Ottoman charitable endowments (waqf) constituted an enduring monument to imperial beneficence and were important instruments of policy. One type of endowment, the public soup kitchen (>imaret) served travelers, scholars, pious mystics, and local indigents alike. Constructing Ottoman Beneficence examines the political, social, and cultural context for founding these public kitchens. It challenges long-held notions about the nature of endowments and explores for the first time how Ottoman modes of beneficence provide an important paradigm for understanding universal questions about the nature of charitable giving.
A typical and well-documented example was the >imaret of Has|s|eki Hurrem Sultan, wife of Sultan Su¬leyman I, in Jerusalem. The >imaret operated at the confluence of imperial endowment practices and Ottoman food supply policies, while also exemplifying the role of imperial women as benefactors. Through its operations, the >imaret linked imperial Ottoman and local Palestinian interests, integrating urban and rural economies.
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Devote the fruits to pious purposes
What is a waqf?
The roots of waqf?
Why found a waqf?
A Bowl of Soup and a Loaf of Bread
The written record
Institutions of the endowment
Tax arrears and firewood
Food for all
Building a bath
Dealing in grain
Adding to the endowment
Beneficence and women in Islamic history
The Byzantine factor
The Gender of Beneficence
Serving Soup in Jerusalem
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Page 223 - Jerusalem Explored; being a Description of the Ancient and Modern City, with upwards of One Hundred Illustrations, consisting of Views, Ground-plans, and Sections. By Dr. Ermete Pierotti, Doctor of Mathematics, Architect-Engineer to His Excellency Soorraya Pasha of Jerusalem, and Architect of the Holy Land.