Philosophy, Theology, and Politics: A Reading of Benedict Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico-politicus
The interpretation of Spinozaa (TM)s theologico-political teaching remains a matter of controversy. Is Spinoza simply addressing contemporary difficulties in The Netherlands of the late 1660s? Or is he attempting to solve a more basic and enduring human problem? In this book, it is argued that against the background of contemporary concerns, Spinoza treats the more fundamental a oenatural problema of reconciling those who live by a oethe dictates of reasona with those who live by a oethe urgings of the passions.a Based upon his accounts of theology, human nature, and politics, Spinoza fashions a theocratic or a oetheologico-political solutiona to the a oenatural problema by holding that the a oeuniversal religiona and the democratic liberalism of the treatise share a common purpose. Thus, Spinoza becomes a a oenew Moses.a
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Limited preview - 2008
According to Spinoza achieve afﬁrms atheism basic believe chapter conﬁrmed deﬁned democratic political regime dependable counsel difﬁculties divine law doctrine dogmas Esotericism external faith or piety ﬁrst fortune God’s Hebrew theocratic regime human laws human nature individual human individual’s inﬂuence interpretation liberty of philosophizing majority of human miracles natural knowledge natural light natural or philosophic natural right nonphilosophers object of desire passionate human philosophic problem philosophic teaching philosophy or reason plan of living political teaching prevailing tradition prophecy or revelation prophets reader reasonable or sensible reﬂected Republic revealed teaching salus salvation Scriptures security and health selﬁshness signiﬁcance Spinoza asserts Spinoza says Spinoza’s account Spinoza’s teaching sufﬁcient superstition teaching of Christ teaching of Moses teaching of theology theocracy theological or religious theological teaching Theologico-Political Treatise theology and politics theology or religion theology or revelation things third proper object Thomas Hobbes Tractatus theologico-politicus tradition of theology universal faith vulgar wellbeing