Forensic Science: An Encyclopedia of History, Methods, and Techniques

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The only A-Z reference work on forensic science, one of the most intriguing and exciting fields in criminological studies.


From dandruff to DNA, from ammunition to infrared spectrophotometry, forensic scientists employ the commonplace and the esoteric to get their man or woman. Forensic Science is the only comprehensive reference work accessible to nonexperts on this fast-changing and ever-fascinating field of criminological study. Readers will learn how the latest scientific breakthroughs and the well-honed instincts of forensics experts come together to provide the clues and amass the evidence to bring America's most notorious criminals to justice.

From famous firsts in forensics to possible future developments in the science, the expert team of contributors put together by William Tilstone, executive director of the National Forensic Science Technology Center, examines techniques and technologies, key cases, critical controversies, and ethical and legal issues.


  • 300+ A-Z entries covering all aspects of forensic science, including crime scene investigation, evidence identification, and the historical development of forensics
  • 30+ photographs illustrating techniques such as the examination of ink and handwriting, hairs and fibers, guns and ammunition, and foot and tire prints
  • Clear, descriptive entries, geared toward high school students and readers interested in criminology or criminal justice
  • Dozens of real life examples from the fields of criminology, justice, and forensic science, revealing the latest and most advanced techniques

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
ABO Blood Groups
67
Abortion
68
Accreditation
70
Acid Phosphatase
71
Age Estimation
72
Amelogenin
76
Ammonium NitrateBased Explosives
77
Identification
189
Identity
190
Infrared Spectroscopy
191
Ink
192
Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System IAFIS
193
Integrated Ballistic Identification System IBIS
194
Irving Clifford
195
Jewelry
197

Amphetamines
79
Anthropology
80
Antigen
81
Arson and Explosives Incidents System AEXIS
82
Assault
83
Automated Fingerprint Identification System AFIS
84
Automobile Examination
85
Barbiturates
87
Bite Marks
88
Blood Alcohol Analysis
89
Blood Spatters
90
Bombs
91
Bradley Stephen
92
Bullets
93
Bundy Ted
94
Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms BATF
95
California Association of Criminalists CAC
97
Carbon Monoxide
99
Casts
100
Charred Documents
101
CODIS
102
Combined DNA Index System CODIS
104
Controlled Substances
105
Crack Cocaine
106
Crime Laboratories
107
Cyanide
108
Databases
109
Date Rape
111
Death
114
Dental Records and Disaster Victim Identification DVI
116
Distance Determination Firearms
117
DNA Databases
118
DNA Population Frequencies
120
Document Examination
122
Driving while IntoxicatedDriving under the Influence
127
Drugfire
128
Duffy John
129
Ecstasy
131
Ejaculate
132
Erased Writing
133
Ethanol Ethyl Alcohol
134
Exclusion of Paternity
135
Exhumation
136
Explosions and Explosives
137
Eyewitness Testimony
139
Falls
141
Fibers
142
Field Sobriety Tests
145
Fingernail Examination
146
Fingerprints
147
Firearms
154
Fires
160
Forensic Quality Services
161
Fracture Matching
162
Frye Rule
163
Gacy John Wayne
165
Gamma Hydroxybutyrate GHB
166
Gas Chromatography
167
Gasoline
168
Geology
169
Glue Sniffing
171
Gm and Km Typing
173
Haigh John George
175
Hallucinogens
181
Handwriting
183
Haptoglobin
184
Headlight Filaments
185
High Performance Liquid Chromatography HPLC
186
Hitler Diaries
187
Human Leukocyte Antigen HLA
188
Kerosene
199
Kicks
200
Latent Prints
201
Lewis Blood Typing
202
Likelihood Ratio
204
Locards Exchange Principle
205
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide LSD
206
Maggots
207
Marijuana
208
Markov Georgi
209
Mass Spectrometry MS
212
MDMA
213
Methadone
214
Methanol and Methanol Poisoning
216
Microcrystal Tests
217
Microscope
218
Microspectrophotometry
219
Morphine
220
Napalm
221
National Crime Information Center NCIC
222
National Tracing Center NTC
223
Nitrocellulose
224
Objective Test
225
Odontology
226
Opium
229
Paint
231
Parentage Testing
234
Phencyclidine Phenylcyclhexyl or Piperidine PCP
235
Phenotypes
236
Pitchfork Colin
237
Poisoning
238
Polygraph
241
Probability and Interpretation of Evidence
242
Propoxyphene
243
Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis
245
Ramirez Richard
247
RDX
249
Refractive Index
250
Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms RFLP
251
Ruxton Buck
253
Safe Insulation
255
Scientific Evidence
256
Semen Identification
257
Serial Number Restoration
258
Sexual Offenses
259
Shoe Examination
260
Shotguns
261
Smokeless Powder
263
Soil
264
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
266
Sweat
267
Taggants
269
Thin Layer Chromatography TLC
270
Time of Death
271
Time since Intercourse
272
Tire Tracks
273
Tool Marks
274
Toxicology
275
Trinitrotoluene TNT
276
Ultraviolet UV and Visible Spectrometry
279
Urine
280
USS Iowa
283
Validation
285
Vollman John
286
World Trade Center Bombing
287
Wounds
288
Xrays
291
BIBLIOGRAPHY
293
INDEX
299
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

William J. Tilstone, PhD, is executive director of the National Forensic Science Technology Center in Largo, FL.

Kathleen A. Savage, PhD, is business and academic program manager at Forensic Quality Services in Largo, FL. She is also academic program manager at the National Forensic Science Technology Center in Largo, FL.

Leigh A. Clark, MS, is crime laboratory analyst at the Florida Department of Law Enforcement; Jacksonville Regional Operations Center; Serology/DNA Section; Jacksonville, FL, and academic programs specialist at the National Forensic Science Technology Center in Largo, FL.

Bibliographic information