Missionary Women: Gender, Professionalism, and the Victorian Idea of Christian Mission
This is the first comprehensive study of the role of gender in British Protestant missionary expansion into China and India during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Focusing on the experiences of wives and daughters, female missionaries, educators and medical staff associated with the London Missionary Society, the China Inland Mission and the various Scottish Presbyterian Mission Societies, it compares and contrasts gender relations within different British Protestant missions in cross-cultural settings. Drawing on extensive published and archival materials, this study examines how gender, race, class, nationality and theology shaped the polity of Protestant missions and Christian interaction with native peoples. Rather than providing a romantic portrayal of fulfilled professional freedom, this work argues that women's labor in Christian missions, as in the secular British Empire and domestic society, remained under-valued both in terms of remuneration and administrative advancement, until well into the twentieth century. Rich in details and full of insights, this work not only presents the first comparative treatment of gender relations in British Christian missionary movements, but also contributes to an understanding of the importance of gender more broadly in the high imperial age. RHONDA A. SEMPLE is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Northern British Columbia, Canada.
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the feeblest work in all of India
Almora leper asylum c 1 890
Dr Robert Ashton in the Kachwa hospital
we must not forget the work of the native brethren
Teachers at the mission high school Almora
Pandit Gigari La and Bhotiya boys
the Chefoo schools c 1910
Students and staff at the Chefoo preparatory school c 1897
Original school at Chefoo c 1881
Chefoo girls engaged in the sporting life c 1910
Benares District Committee c 1910
Plan of mission bungalow Benares c 1886
The bicycle and the Gospel c 1901
fools for Christs sake
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Aberdeen Almora application Ashton Benares British Budden Calcutta Chapel Chefoo schools China Council China Inland Mission Christian Church of Scotland CIM/CP CIM/LCM CofSFMC colleagues College commitment Congregational cultural CWM CP CWM NI(UP)C Darjeeling decades described discussion district Edinburgh Ethel Turner evangelical expected female candidates female workers foreign secretary Free Church funds gender girls Hewlett Himalayas hired History hospital Hudson Taylor Ibid important individuals joined the mission Kachwa Kalimpong ladies language letters London Missionary London Missionary Society male missionaries married middle-class Mirzapur Miss mission field mission societies mission stations mission workers Missionary Society Mullens nineteenth century north India ordained organisation Presbyterian missions professional Rani Khet records Recruitment religious reports result role Scottish missions Scottish Presbyterian secular Sialkot social staff Sunday school teachers teaching Training Institute United Provinces WAFM Wardlaw Thompson wives Women's Association Zenana
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Limited preview - 2004